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Tohono O'odham stress in a single ranking

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 May 2003

Colleen M. Fitzgerald
Texas Tech University


This paper argues in favour of the analysis of Tohono O'odham stress originally presented in Fitzgerald (1997). This analysis relies on a single grammar in which metrical and rhythmic constraints are interleaved with the MORPHEME-TO-STRESS PRINCIPLE (MSP), a constraint that requires morphemes to be stressed. The single-grammar approach is contrasted with the co-phonology account offered for the same data in Yu (2000). The two analyses use the same basic constraints, with the exception of the MSP. Instead of this constraint, Yu uses three separate co-phonologies. The comparison between the two theories is focused on this difference, the MSP vs. the multiple grammars of the co-phonology model. The point made here is that Tohono O'odham does not need co-phonologies.

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© 2002 Cambridge University Press

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Fieldwork by the author has been supported by the Phillips Fund of the American Philosophical Society (grants in 1994 and 2001), the University of Arizona Graduate College and the United University Professionals (1999 PDQWL grant) awarded under the auspices of the University at Buffalo. I would like to give a special thanks to the Tohono O'odham speakers who generously shared their knowledge with me: George José, Felicia Nuñez and Delbert Ortiz. For helpful discussion, my thanks to Megan Crowhurst, Bruce Hayes and Jason Riggle; for helpful comments on this paper, a very special thanks to the associate editor, two anonymous reviewers, John Alderete, Amy Fountain and Karin Michelson. Any errors are my responsibility.