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A review of the Acanthocephala parasitising freshwater fishes in Australia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 September 2017

L. R. SMALES
Affiliation:
Parasitology Section, South Australian Museum, North Terrace, Adelaide 5000, Australia
R. D. ADLARD
Affiliation:
Biodiversity & Geosciences Program, Queensland Museum Network, South Brisbane, Queensland 4101, Australia
A. ELLIOT
Affiliation:
Freshwater Fish Group and Fish Health Unit, Centre for Fish and Fisheries Research, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth 6150, Australia
E. KELLY
Affiliation:
Freshwater Fish Group and Fish Health Unit, Centre for Fish and Fisheries Research, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth 6150, Australia
A. J. LYMBERY
Affiliation:
Freshwater Fish Group and Fish Health Unit, Centre for Fish and Fisheries Research, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth 6150, Australia
T. L. MILLER
Affiliation:
Fish Health Laboratory, Department of Fisheries Western Australia, South Perth, Western Australia 6151, Australia
S. SHAMSI
Affiliation:
School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga 2678, New South Wales, Australia
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Summary

The acanthocephalan fauna of Australian freshwater fishes was documented from field surveys, a literature survey and examination of specimens registered in Australian museums. From the 4030 fishes, representing 78 of the 354 Australian freshwater fish species (22%), examined for infection seven species of acanthocephalan were recovered. These species comprised five endemic species, three in endemic genera, two species in cosmopolitan genera, one species not fully identified and 1 putative exotic species recovered from eight species of fish. Of these Edmonsacanthus blairi from Melanotaenia splendida, was the only acanthocephalan found at a relatively high prevalence of 38·6%. These findings are indicative of a highly endemic and possibly depauperate acanthocephalan fauna. Species richness was higher in the tropical regions than the temperate regions of the country. Exotic acanthocephalan species have either not been introduced with their exotic hosts or have been unable to establish their life cycles in Australian conditions. Consequently, acanthocephalans have not yet invaded endemic Australian fish hosts.

Type
Review Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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