Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-wkm24 Total loading time: 0.231 Render date: 2021-06-21T14:44:26.381Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Article contents

Cercarial emergence of Proterometra macrostoma and P. edneyi (Digenea: Azygiidae): contrasting responses to light: dark cycling

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 April 2009

M. C. Lewis
Affiliation:
Physiology Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506
I. G. Welsford
Affiliation:
Physiology Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506
G. L. Uglem
Affiliation:
Physiology Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506

Summary

Proterometra macrostoma and P. edneyi infect the same snail host, Goniobasis semicarinata, but different fish hosts in their life-cycles. Cercariae of P. macrostoma complete development in sunfish, those of P. edneyi in darters; fish become infected when they ingest free-swimming cercariae as ‘prey’. Laboratory and field experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that light: dark (L: D) cycling regulates emergence of both species. Under L: D cycling conditions, P. macrostoma emerged in the dark and P. edneyi in the light. These emergence patterns resulted from differential sensitivity to light and dark. In the laboratory and field, reversing the light and dark periods resulted in corresponding alterations in emergence patterns of both species. Both species emerged in constant light and constant dark, but their emergence patterns were altered. Emergence patterns may represent adaptations that make the cercariae more susceptible to ‘predation’ by their respective fish hosts.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1989

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Adamson, S. W. & Wissing, T. E. (1977). Food habits and feeding periodicity of the rainbow, fantail, and banded darters in Four Mile Creek. Ohio Journal of Science 77, 164–9.Google Scholar
Asch, H. L. (1972). Rhythmic emergence of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae from Biomphalaria glabrata: control by illumination. Experimental Parasitology 31, 350–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aschoff, J. (1960). Exogenous and endogenous components of circadian rhythms. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology 25, 1128.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Combes, C. & Thèron, A. (1977). Rythmes d'émergence des cercaires de trematodes et leur interêt dans l'infestation de l'homme et des animaux. Excerta parasitolôdgica en memoria del Doctor Eduardo Caballero y Caballero, Mexico, 141–50.Google Scholar
Cordes, L. E. & Page, L. W. (1980). Feeding chronology and diet composition of two darters (Percidae) in the Iroquois River system, Illinois. American Midland Naturalist 104, 202–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Endler, J. A. (1986). Defense against predators. In Predator-Prey Relationships (ed. Feder, M. E. & Lauder, G. V.), pp. 109–34. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Glaudel, R. J. & Etges, F. J. (1973). The effect of photoperiod inversion upon Schistosoma mansoni cercarial emergence from Biomphalaria glabrata. International Journal for Parasitology 3, 619–22.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Horsfall, M. W. (1934). Studies on the life history and morphology of the cystocercous cercariae. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 53, 311–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hynes, H. B. N. (1970). The Ecology of Running Waters. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
Keast, A. & Welsh, L. (1968). Daily feeding periodicities, food uptake rates, and dietary changes with hour in some lake fishes. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 25, 1133–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kendall, S. B. & McCullough, F. S. (1951). The emergence of the cercariae of Fasciola hepatica from the snail Limnaea truncatula. Journal of Helmintholology 25, 7792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Knutz, R. E. (1947). Effect of light and temperature on emergence of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 66, 3749.Google Scholar
Matthews, W. J., Bek, J. R. & Surat, E. (1982). Comparative ecology of the darters Etheostoma podostemone, E. flabellare and Percina roanoka in the Upper Roanoke River drainage, Virginia. Copeia 1982, 805–14.Google Scholar
Mathur, D. (1973). Food habits and feeding chronology of the blackbanded darter, Percina nigrofasciata (Agassiz), in Halawakee Creek, Alabama. American Midland Naturalist 89, 381–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nojima, H., Santos, A. T., Blas, B. L. & Kamiya, H. (1980). The emergence of Schistosoma japonicum cercariae from Oncomelania quadrasi. Journal of Parasitology 66, 1010–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Olivier, L. (1951). The influence of light on the emergence of Schistosomatium douthitti cercariae from their snail host. Journal of Parasitology 37, 210–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raymond, K. M. & Probert, A. J. (1987). The effect of light and darkness on the production of cercariae of Schistosoma haematobium from Bulinus globosus. Journal of Helminthology 61, 291–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schell, S. C. (1985). Trematodes of North America. Moscow: University of Idaho Press.Google Scholar
Schiff, C. J., Evans, A., Yiannakis, C. & Eardley, M. (1975). Seasonal influence on the production of Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni cercariae in Rhodesia. International Journal for Parasitology 5, 119–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sindermann, C. J. (1960). Ecological studies of marine dermatitis-producing schistosome larvae in northern New England. Ecology 41, 678–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sokal, R. R. & Rohlf, F. J. (1980). Biometry. 2nd Edn.San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
Thèron, A. (1984). Early and late shedding patterns of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae: ecological significance in transmission to human and murine hosts. Journal of Parasitology 70, 652–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Uglem, G. L. (1980). Sugar transport by larval and adult Proterometra macrostoma (Digenea) in relation to environmental factors. Journal of Parasitology 66, 748–58.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Uglem, G. L. & Aliff, J. V. (1984). Proterometra edneyi n. sp. (Digenea: Azygiidae): Behavior and distribution of acetylcholinesterase in cercariae. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 103, 383–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wagenbach, G. E. & Alldredge, A. L. (1974). Effect of light on the emergence pattern of Plagiorchis micracanthos cercariae from Stagnicola exilis. Journal of Parasitology 60, 782–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Werner, E. E. & Hall, D. J. (1976). Niche shifts in sunfishes: experimental evidence and significance. Science 191, 404–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Cercarial emergence of Proterometra macrostoma and P. edneyi (Digenea: Azygiidae): contrasting responses to light: dark cycling
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Cercarial emergence of Proterometra macrostoma and P. edneyi (Digenea: Azygiidae): contrasting responses to light: dark cycling
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Cercarial emergence of Proterometra macrostoma and P. edneyi (Digenea: Azygiidae): contrasting responses to light: dark cycling
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *