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Surface properties of disordered γ MnO2 at the solid-electrolyte interface.

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2011

Bénédicte Prélot
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'Electrochimie et de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces-CNRS UMR, 5631 INPG-ENS Electrochimie Electrométallurgie Grenoble, BP 75, F-38402 St Martin d'Heres Cedex Laboratoire Environnement et Minéralurgie CNRS UMR 7569 INPL-ENS Géologie, BP 40, F-54501 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex.
Christiane Poinsignon
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'Electrochimie et de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces-CNRS UMR, 5631 INPG-ENS Electrochimie Electrométallurgie Grenoble, BP 75, F-38402 St Martin d'Heres Cedex
Fabien Thomas
Affiliation:
Laboratoire Environnement et Minéralurgie CNRS UMR 7569 INPL-ENS Géologie, BP 40, F-54501 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex.
Frédéric Villiéras
Affiliation:
Laboratoire Environnement et Minéralurgie CNRS UMR 7569 INPL-ENS Géologie, BP 40, F-54501 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex.
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Abstract

Relationships between lattice parameters of manganese dioxides (γ/ε-MD) and their surface properties at the solid-aqueous solution interface were investigated. The studied series ranged from orthorhombic ramsdellite to tetragonal pyrolusite and encompassed disordered MD samples. The structural model used takes into account two structural defects which affect the orthorhombic network of ramsdellite: Pr (rate of pyrolusite intergrowth) and Tw (rate of microtwinning). Water adsorption isotherms showed that the cross sectional surface area of water molecules is linearly correlated to Pr: from 6.3 Å2 (Pr=0.2) to 13.1 Å2 (Pr=1). Titration of their surface charge evidenced a linear relationship between PZC and Pr starting from ramsdellite (Pr = 0, Tw = 0, PZC = 1) to pyrolusite (Pr = 1, Tw = 0, PZC = 7.3). γ-MD with intermediate values of Pr (0.2 to 0.45) have increasing PZC values. For similar Pr values (0.45), high Tw percentage (0.3 and 1) makes the PZC to increase. The experimental results are compared with data collected in the literature for dioxides of transition elements with tetragonal structure. Surface titration leads to the determination of electrochemically active surface area at alkaline pH.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003

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Surface properties of disordered γ MnO2 at the solid-electrolyte interface.
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