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Study of neutron damage resistance of some scintillating crystals and associated photodetectors with the nuclear reactor ULYSSE

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 February 2011

R. Chipaux
Affiliation:
CEA, DAPNIA, CE- Saclay
J.-L. Faure
Affiliation:
CEA, DAPNIA, CE- Saclay
J.-P. Pansart
Affiliation:
CEA, DAPNIA, CE- Saclay
J. Poinsignon
Affiliation:
CEA, DAPNIA, CE- Saclay
P. Rebourgeard
Affiliation:
CEA, DAPNIA, CE- Saclay
J. Tartas
Affiliation:
CEA, DAPNIA, CE- Saclay
France G. Dauphin
Affiliation:
CEA, INSTN/SENE, CE-Saclay, France
J. Safieh
Affiliation:
CEA, INSTN/SENE, CE-Saclay, France
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Abstract

Radiation resistance is a mandatory requirement for a major part of the active or passivecomponents of the particle detectors planned for the future high energy accelerator LHC.

Ulysse is a training reactor of the Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucl éaires (INSTN), in Saclay, and a very suitable tool for testing materials and devicesfor these future large detectors. Its radiation spectrum characteristics are very similarto those expected in these detectors, in terms of spectra of fast neutrons, thermal neutrons and gamma photons, and ratios between those types of radiation.

Results are presented on the neutron resistance of two scintillating crystals, candidatesfor electromagnetic calorimetry, cerium fluoride (CeF3) and lead tungstate (PbWO4), and on the behaviour under neutron irradiation of some avalanche photodiodes, currently under development for light detection of these crystals.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1994

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References

[1] Stevenson, G., in: Proc. Large Hadron Coliider Workshop, vol.3, eds Jarlskog, G. and Rein, D., CERN/90-10, ECFA/90-133 (1990) 566583.Google Scholar
[2] CMS collaboration, CMS Letter of Intent, CERN-LHCC/92-3 (1992).Google Scholar
[3] Aarnio, P.A. and Huhtinen, M., Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A336 (1993) 98105.Google Scholar
[4] Crystal Clear Collaboration, Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A322 (1993) 373394.Google Scholar
[5] Buyanov, O.V. et al. , A first electromagnetic calorimeter prototype of PbWO4 crystals, LAPP-EXP/94-06, submitted to Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A.Google Scholar
[6] Chipaux, R., Faure, J.-L., Rebourgeard, P., Dauphin, G. and Safieh, J., Behaviour of CeF3 scintillator in a LHC-like environment, DAPNIA/94-01, to be published in Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A.Google Scholar
[7] Wunstorf, R. et al. , in: Proc. Large Hadron Coliider Workshop, vol. 3, eds Jarlskog, G. and Rein, D., CERN/90-10, ECFA/90-133 (1990) 706720.Google Scholar

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Study of neutron damage resistance of some scintillating crystals and associated photodetectors with the nuclear reactor ULYSSE
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