Observation of the Verwey Transition in Fe3O4 Nanocrystals
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 10 February 2011
The electronic properties of arrays and isolated magnetite nanocrystals were studied using tunneling spectroscopy. Macroscopic tunnel junctions were used to study stacked arrays of the nanocrystals. The temperature dependent resistance measurements showed an abrupt increase of the resistance around 100 K, attributed to the Verwey metal-insulator transition, while the current-voltage characteristics exhibit a sharp transition from an insulator gap to a peak in the density of states near the Fermi energy. This conductance peak was sensitive to in-plane magnetic field showing large magnetoresistance. The tunneling spectra obtained on isolated particles using a Scanning Tunneling Microscope exhibit a gap-like structure below the transition temperature that gradually disappeared with increasing temperature, ending with a small peak structure around zero bias.
- Research Article
- MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL) , Volume 746: Symposia Q/R – Magnetoelectronics-Novel Magnetic Phenomena in Nanostructures – Advanced Characterization of Artificially Structured Magnetic Materials , 2002 , Q4.1
- Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003