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Measurement of Elastic Modulus and Poisson's Ratio of Diamond–Like Carbon Films

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2011

Kwang Yong Eun
Thin Film Technology Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul, 130-650, Korea
Dae-Hong Ko
Department of Ceramic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, 120-701, Korea
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Elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio of diamond-like carbon (DLC) film was measured by a simple method using DLC bridges which are free from mechanical constraint of substrate. The DLC films were deposited on Si wafer by C6H6r.f. glow discharge at the deposition pressure 1.33 Pa. Because of the high residual compressive stress of the film, the bridge exhibited a sinusoidal displacement by removing the constraint of the substrate. By measuring the amplitude with known bridge length, we could determine the strain of the film required to adhere to the substrate. Combined with independent stress measurement by laser reflection method, this method allows calculation of the biaxial elastic modulus, E/(1–v), where E is the elastic modulus and v Poisson's ratio of the DLC film. By comparing the biaxial elastic modulus with plane-strain modulus, E/(1–v2), measured by nano-indentation, we could further determine the elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio, independently. The elastic modulus, E, increased from 87 to 133 GPa as the negative bias voltage increased from 400 to 550 V. Poisson's ratio was estimated to be about 0.20 in this bias voltage range. For the negative bias voltages less than 400 V, however, the present method resulted in negative Poisson's ratio which is physically impossible. The limitation of the present method was also discussed.

Research Article
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1998

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