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Large-Area, Device Quality GaN on Si Using a Novel Transition Layer Scheme

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2011

Pradeep Rajagopal
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
Thomas Gehrke
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
John C. Roberts
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
J. D. Brown
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
T. Warren Weeks
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
Edwin L. Piner
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
Kevin J. Linthicum
Affiliation:
Nitronex Corporation, 628 Hutton Street, Suite 106, Raleigh, NC 27606
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Abstract

The emergence of III-nitride technology and fabrication of high quality GaN based devices is possible due to the advances in the heteroepitaxial growth of III-N thin-films on lattice-mismatched substrates. Typically, the substrate of choice is either SiC or sapphire. We have adopted 100mm Si as our substrate of choice; uniform substrates of high quality are inexpensive and plentiful due to decades of use in the microelectronics industry. Growth of device quality GaN on Si is challenged by the ∼17% lattice mismatch and an additional thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) mismatch of ∼56%. In order to accommodate this strain and TEC mismatch between Si and GaN, a novel transition layer was designed, grown and successfully optimized, ® obviating the need for either a PENDEO based overgrowth process or a SiC interlayer-based process. This growth technique (SIGANTIC®) does not require any wafer conditioning prior to growth and thus reduces the process complexity and maintains the cost effectiveness of the GaN on Si strategy. We will report on this manufacturable 100mm MOCVD heteroepitaxial process that consistently produces device quality AlGaN/GaN heterostructures with two dimensional electron gas (2DEG) mobilities typically around 1400 cm2/Vs at room temperature. Structural and electrical properties as determined by optical reflectance, atomic force microscopy, capacitance-voltage and van der Pauw Hall measurements, which are measured across the 100mm wafer, will be presented. Device results will be mentioned to show continuous wave (CW) RF operation at 2 GHz with competitive power output, gain and power added efficiency (PAE).

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003

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References

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