Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-cnwzk Total loading time: 0.193 Render date: 2021-07-31T09:34:25.330Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Hysteresis Offset in Stress Induced Polarization-Graded Ferroelectrics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2011

J. V. Mantese
Affiliation:
Delphi Research Laboratories, Shelby Township, MI
N. W. Schubring
Affiliation:
Delphi Research Laboratories, Shelby Township, MI
A. L. Micheli
Affiliation:
Delphi Research Laboratories, Shelby Township, MI
M. P. Thompson
Affiliation:
Delphi Research Laboratories, Shelby Township, MI
R. Naik
Affiliation:
Department of Physics & Astronomy, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
G. W. Auner
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
I. B. Misirlioglu
Affiliation:
Department of Metallurgy & Materials Engineering and Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
Z.-G. Ban
Affiliation:
Department of Metallurgy & Materials Engineering and Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
S. P. Alpay
Affiliation:
Department of Metallurgy & Materials Engineering and Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
Get access

Abstract

Polarization-graded ferroelectrics and their electrically active counterparts, graded ferroelectric devices (GFDs) and transpacitors has been achieved in a number ways, including a variation in the composition of the material, or impressing a temperature gradients across the structure. In this article, we report how these same devices can be formed from homogeneous ferroelectric films of lead strontium titanate by imposing stress gradients on the materials normal to their electrode surfaces. A qualitative description of asymmetric hysteresis behavior based on a modified Landau potential is provided.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1. Mantese, J.V. and Schubring, N.W., Integ. Ferr. 37, 245 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Mantese, J.V., Micheli, A.L., Schubring, N.W., Appl. Phys. Lett., 79, 4007 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. Ferroelectric Crystals, Jona, F. and Shirane, G., Macmillan (New York, The MacMillan Company, 1962) p.15 Google Scholar
4. Mantese, J.V., Schubring, N.W., Micheli, A.L., and Catalan, A.B., Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 721 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5. Fellberg, W., Mantese, J., Schubring, N., and Micheli, A., Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 524 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6. Mantese, J.V., Schubring, N.W., Micheli, A.L., Mohammed, M.S., Naik, R., and Auner, G.W., Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2047 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Brazier, M., McElfresh, M., and Mansour, S., Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1121 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8. Tsurumi, T., Miyasou, T., Ishibashi, Y., and Ohashi, N., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 5104 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9. Bao, D., Yao, X., and Zhang, L., Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2779 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10. Bao, D., Mizutani, N., Yao, X., and L Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1041 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11. Chen, Z., Arita, K., Lim, M., and Paz DeAraujo, C. A., Integ. Ferro. 24, 181 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12. Boerasu, I., Pintilie, L., and Kosec, M., Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2231 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13. Thermophysical Properties of Matter: The TPRC Data Series, “Thermal Expansion, Vol. 12 Metallic Elements and Alloys, Vol. 13 Nonmetallic Solids,” IFI/Plenum, New York (1975). The value for PST is not given but the thermal expansion coefficient refd is typical of a perovskite oxide.Google Scholar
14. Sawyer, C. B. and Tower, C.H., Phys. Rev. 35, 269 (1930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15. Mechanics of Materials, Gere, J.M. and Timoshenko, S.P., (Boston, PWS Publishing Co., 1990) p.272 Google Scholar
16. Kretschmer, R. and Binder, K., Phys. Rev. B 20, 1065 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17. Kadanoff, L.P., et al., Rev. Modern Phys. 39, 395 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18. Landau, L.D. and Lifshitz, E.M., Statistical Physics (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1980).Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Hysteresis Offset in Stress Induced Polarization-Graded Ferroelectrics
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Hysteresis Offset in Stress Induced Polarization-Graded Ferroelectrics
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Hysteresis Offset in Stress Induced Polarization-Graded Ferroelectrics
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *