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Fabrication and Modification of Metal Nanocluster Composites Using Ion and Laser Beams

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 February 2011

R.F. Haglund Jr.
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Astronomy and
D.H. Osborne Jr.
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Astronomy and
R.H. Magruder III
Affiliation:
Department of Applied and Engineering Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.
C.W. White
Affiliation:
Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831
R.A. Zuhr
Affiliation:
Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831
P.D. Townsend
Affiliation:
School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
D.E. Hole
Affiliation:
School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
R.E. Leuchtner
Affiliation:
and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824–3568
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Abstract

Metal nanocluster composites have attractive properties for applications in nonlinear optics. However, traditional fabrication techniques — using melt-glass substrates — are severely constrained by equilibrium thermodynamics and kinetics. This paper describes the fabrication of metal nanoclusters in both crystalline and glassy hosts by ion implantation and pulsed laser deposition. The size and size distribution of the metal nanoclusters can be modified by controlling substrate temperature during implantation, by subsequent thermal annealing, or by laser irradiation. We have characterized the optical response of the composites by absorption and third-order nonlinear-optical spectroscopies; electron and scanning-probe microscopies have been used to benchmark the physical characteristics of the composites. The outlook for controlling the structure and nonlinear optical response properties of these nanophase materials appears increasingly promising.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1995

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References

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Fabrication and Modification of Metal Nanocluster Composites Using Ion and Laser Beams
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