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Exploring the Role of Phosphate Structural Distortions on the Sodium Jump Dynamics in NASICON Phases

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 2015

Todd M. Alam*
Affiliation:
Department of Organic Material Science, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA
Nelson Bell
Affiliation:
Department of Organic Material Science, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA
Jill Wheeler
Affiliation:
Department of Organic Material Science, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA
Erik D. Spoerke
Affiliation:
Department of Organic Material Science, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA
Randall T. Cygan
Affiliation:
Department of Organic Material Science, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA
David Ingersoll
Affiliation:
Department of Organic Material Science, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA
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Abstract

High temperature solid state sodium (23Na) magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spin lattice relaxation times (T1) were evaluated for a series of NASICON (Na3Zr2PSi2O12) materials to directly determine Na jump rates. Simulations of the T1 temperature variations that incorporated distributions in Na jump activation energies, or distribution of jump rates, improved the agreement with experiment. The 23Na NMR T1 relaxation results revealed that distributions in the Na dynamics were present for all of the NASICON materials investigated here. The 23Na relaxation experiments also showed that small differences in material composition and/or changes in the processing conditions impacted the distributions in the Na dynamics. The extent of the distribution was related to the presence of a disordered or glassy phosphate phase present in these different sol-gel processed materials. The 23Na NMR T1 relaxation experiments are a powerful tool to directly probing Na jump dynamics and provide additional molecular level details that could impact transport phenomena.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

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References

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