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Effects of Antimony on the Thermoelectric Properties of the Cubic Pb9.6SbyTe10−xSex Materials
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 February 2011
The thermoelectric properties of Pb9.6SbyTe10−xSex were investigated in the intermediate temperature range of 300 – 700 K. The effect of the variation of Sb content (y) on the electronic properties of the materials is remarkable. Samples with compositions Pb9.6Sb0.2Te10−xSex (y = 0.2) show the best combination of low thermal conductivity with moderate electrical conductivity and thermopower. For Pb9.6Sb0.2Te8Se2 (x = 2) a maximum figure of merit of ZT ∼ 1.1 was obtained around 700 K. This value is nearly 1.4 times higher than that of PbTe at 700 K. This enhancement of the figure of merit of Pb9.6Sb0.2Te8Se2 derives from its extremely low thermal conductivity (∼0.7 at W/m.K at 700 K). High resolution transmission electron microscopy of Pb9.6Sb0.2Te10−xSex samples shows broadly distributed Sb-rich nanocrystals, which may be the key feature responsible for the suppression of the thermal conductivity.
- Research Article
- MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL) , Volume 886: Symposium F – Materials and Technologies fore Direct Thermal-to-Electric Energy Conversion , 2005 , 0886-F05-09
- Copyright © Materials Research Society 2006