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Effect of Additives on the Phase Equilibria Related to the E21-Fe3AlC Intermetalic Compound with Carbon Atom at the Interstitial Site

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2011

Hiroaki Ishii
Affiliation:
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-13, Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8628, Japan.
Seiji Miura
Affiliation:
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-13, Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8628, Japan.
Tetsuo Mohri
Affiliation:
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-13, Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8628, Japan.
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Abstract

The structure of E21 is a derivative of L12 structure with an interstitial carbon in the body center or the octahedral interstitial site. In the Fe-Al-C ternary system E21-Fe3AlC intermetallic is known to precipitate in γ-austenite alloys. For the high temperature application, the stability of microstructure is a key issue and the control of the lattice misfit is essential. By adding some elements to Fe-Al-C alloys, the lattice constant can be controlled, and enhancement of the stability of γ-austenite + E21-Fe3AlC two phase structure is expected. In this study, phase stability and lattice parameter of E21 phase in the (Fe-Mn)-(Al-M)-C system (M=Si, Ge) are investigated. In both systems, no significant changes in microstructures were observed within the composition range of concern. The lattice constant of E21-Fe3AlC phase, however, does not show decrease with the addition of Si or Ge. This result is different from what was expected. By WDS analysis, it was revealed that Si tends to distribute mainly in γ phase, and Ge concentrates in E21-Fe3AlC phase. It was found that the lattice constants of E21 phases are very close to those of L12 structure estimated from the atomic radii of constituent elements which are evaluated from those in binary alloys and compounds. The distribution behavior of Si and Ge can be related to tolerance factor which strongly affects the stability of phases.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003

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Effect of Additives on the Phase Equilibria Related to the E21-Fe3AlC Intermetalic Compound with Carbon Atom at the Interstitial Site
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Effect of Additives on the Phase Equilibria Related to the E21-Fe3AlC Intermetalic Compound with Carbon Atom at the Interstitial Site
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