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Characterization of Inherent Materials of San Antonio Altarpiece in San Roque Church, Campeche

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 May 2014

Leticia Jiménez
Affiliation:
Sección de Restauración Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Delegación Campeche, Campeche, Mexico.
Diana E. Arano*
Affiliation:
Sección de Restauración Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Delegación Campeche, Campeche, Mexico.
José L. Ruvalcaba
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
Fanny Unikel
Affiliation:
Seminario Taller de Restauración de Escultura Policromada de la Escuela Nacional de Conservación, Restauración y Museografía, Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia, Mexico.
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Abstract

The altarpiece dedicated to San Antonio de Padua was made of wood assembled and self-supporting structure attached to the wall. It is a straight plant altarpiece designed to withstand sculptures. This master piece belongs to the a set of Baroque altarpieces preserved in the state of Campeche and is located in San Roque Church in the City of San Francisco de Campeche, Mexico. This altarpiece was decorated following the traditional technique of the seventeenth century in Mexico, a technique derived from Spain. According to literature sources we know that the strata are the wood, the imprimatura, the pictorial strata and metal sheets that make the golden color and corladuras. The characterization of the constituent materials was of great importance for the interpretation of the constructions system and manufacture of the decoration. The present study shows the results of analysis techniques such as optical microscopy, Particle Induce X Ray Emission (PIXE), and X Ray Florescence Spectroscopy (XRF) and interpretation of the different layers constituting the altarpiece of San Antonio.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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References

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