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Challenges for Sige-Heterotechnology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

H. Presting*
Daimler-Benz Research Center, Dep. F2H/S, Wilhelm-Runge-Str. II, D-89081 Ulm, Tel: 49-731-505-2049, Fax: 505-4102
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Heterostructure devices composed of silicon, silicon-germanium or germanium layers have substantially broadened the spectrum of the well established Si microelectronics. The achieved results for devices, such as the SiGe base heterobipolar transistor (SiGe HBT), the n-. and p-channel SiGe modulation doped field effect transistor (SiGe MODFET) and optoelectronic devices (SiGe LED and photodiode) point to the outstanding potential of this novel heterosystem. Today the SiGe HBT is the world fastest Si based transistor with a wide application area from conventional microelectronic applications to microwave power generation in a frequency regime where up to now only III-V semiconductor devices have prevailed. In addition novel SiGe optoelectronic devices, such as SiGe LED and Si/Ge photodetector in the near infrared spectral region (1.3µ) could pave the way for Si based optical interconnect devices monolithically integrated on a Si IC chip (chip to chip coupling). Growth aspects, strain effects, band alignment and novel bandstructure effects in this material system will be reviewed, its effect on the device performance will be discussed.

Research Article
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1995

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