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Anisotropic Charge Transport in Organic Single Crystals Based on Dipolar Molecules

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Beatrice Fraboni
Affiliation:
beatrice.fraboni@unibo.it, University of Bologna, Physics, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, 40127, Italy
Riccardo Di Pietro
Affiliation:
riccardo.dipietro@studio.unibo.it, University of Bologna, Physics, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, 40127, Italy
Antonio Castaldini
Affiliation:
castaldini@bo.infn.it, University of Bologna, Physics, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, 40127, Italy
Anna Cavallini
Affiliation:
anna.cavallini@unibo.it, University of Bologna, Physics, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, Bologna, 40127, Italy
Alessandro Fraleoni
Affiliation:
fraleoni@unibo.it, University of Bologna, Industrial and Material Chemistry, Bologna, 40137, Italy
Leonardo Setti
Affiliation:
setti@unibo.it, University of Bologna, Industrial and Material Chemistry, Bologna, 40137, Italy
Ivan Mencarelli
Affiliation:
mencarelli@studio.unibo.it, University of Bologna, Industrial and Material Chemistry, Bologna, 40137, Italy
Cristina Femoni
Affiliation:
cristina.femoni@unibo.it, University of Bologna, Physical and Inorganic Chemistry, Bologna, 40126, Italy
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Abstract

We studied the anisotropic charge transport properties of solution-grown organic single crystals based on a dipolar molecule 4HCB (4-hydroxy-cyanobenzene) by electrical transport measurements, current-voltage and space charge limited current (SCLC), and by X-ray diffraction analyses.

Optical excitation differently affects the flow of charge carriers along the two main planar crystal axis, altering the charge transport anisotropy induced by the molecular π-orbitals stacking. We attribute this behaviour to the presence of an intrinsic molecular dipole and to its different orientation within the crystal lattice. The anisotropy of transport along the three crystallographic directions has been assessed by electrical characterization and correlated to the crystal molecular packing as determined by X-ray analyses.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2008

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Anisotropic Charge Transport in Organic Single Crystals Based on Dipolar Molecules
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