Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5cfd469876-wb78c Total loading time: 1.095 Render date: 2021-06-24T19:47:51.328Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Article contents

Research Progress on Ancient Bronze Corrosion in Different Environments and Using Different Conservation Techniques: A Review

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 February 2017

Zhongchi Wang
Affiliation:
School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
Yang Li
Affiliation:
School of History, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
Xudong Jiang
Affiliation:
Hubei Provincial Museum, Wuhan, Hubei 430077, China
Chunxu Pan
Affiliation:
School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Get access

Abstract

Ancient Chinese bronzes are precious cultural relics. Their surfaces are often severely damaged by dynamic changes in the external environment, both before and after they are unearthed. Therefore, scientific research has been required to preserve these treasures. In recent years, along with the development of modern science and technology, innovative instrumental analytical techniques have become indispensable tools to study corrosion phenomena as well as to evaluate post-excavation conservation techniques. In this paper, we present an overview of bronze corrosion processes in various environments, including analysis of the types of corrosion, mechanisms of formation and factors that influence bronze corrosion products. In addition, we compare the characteristics of corrosion products that have formed on archaeological sites, in tombs, and in museums. Lastly, we introduce some novel techniques for bronze protection, and we propose the focus for future research. Our expectation is that this review will provide a scientific basis for bronze preservation.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Scott, D.A., Copper and bronze in art: corrosion, colorants, conservation, Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2002).Google Scholar
Robbiola, L., Blengino, J.M., Fiaud, C., Corros. Sci., 40, 20832111 (1988).CrossRef
Zhu, H., Zhou, G., Chen, P., Sci. Conserv. Archaeol., 1, 15 (1989) (in Chinese).
Frost, R.L., Martens, W.N., Rintoul, L., Mahmetagic, E., J.T., J. Raman Spectrosc., 33, 252259 (2002).CrossRef
Bouchard, M., Smith, D.C., Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 59, 22472266 (2003).CrossRef
Ferretti, M., Cristoforetti, G., Legnaioli, S., Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 62, 15121518 (2007).CrossRef
Liao, C., Wu, T., Li, Y., Journal of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society, 30, 414423 (2011) (In Chinese).
Ingo, G.M., Angelini, E., Bultrini, G., Calliari, I., Dabal, M., Surface and Interface Analysis, 34, 337342 (2002).CrossRef
Wang, J., Xu, C., Journal of Chemical Industry and Engineering, 55, 11351139 (2004) (In Chinese).
Lucey, V.F., British Corrosion Journal, 7, 3641 (1972).CrossRef
Xiao, J., Cao, C., Material corrosion theory, Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, China (2002).Google Scholar
Scott, D.A., Podany, J., Considine, B., Ancient and historic metals, Getty Conservation Institute Los Angeles, CA, USA (1994).Google Scholar
Gao, Y., Journal of National Museum of China, 1, 121134 (1979) (In Chinese).
Constantinides, I., Adriaens, A., Adams, F., Applied Surface Science, 189, 90101 (2002).CrossRef
Nord, A.G., Mattsson, E., Tronner, K., Protection of Metals, 41, 309316 (2005).CrossRef
Picciochi, R., Ramos, A.C., Mendonc, M.H., Fonseca, I.T., Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 34, 989995 (2004).CrossRef
Nord, A.G., Tronner, K., Boyce, A.J., Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 127, 193204 (2001).CrossRef
Li, Y., Wang, J., Yan, F., Sciences of Conservation and Archaeology, 19, 1923 (2007) (In Chinese).
Liang-Bo, Lv, The Silk Road, 10, 1920 (2012) (In Chinese).
Ma, J., Liang, H., Wang, J., Sciences of Conservation and Archaeology, 24, 8589 (2012) (In Chinese).
Deng, T., Relics and Museolgy, 5, 7881 (2015) (In Chinese).
Li, Yang, Bao, Z., Wu, T., Materials Characterization, 68, 8893 (2012).CrossRef
Gianni, L., Gigante, E., Cavallini, M., Materials, 7, 33533370 (2014).CrossRef
Tsao, L. C., Chen, C. W., Corrosion Science, 63, 393398 (2012).CrossRef
Giambi, F., Carretti, E., Dei, L., Applied Physics A, 117, 20252032 (2014).CrossRef
Papadopoulou, O., Novakovic, J., Applied Physics A, 113, 981988 (2013).CrossRef

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Research Progress on Ancient Bronze Corrosion in Different Environments and Using Different Conservation Techniques: A Review
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Research Progress on Ancient Bronze Corrosion in Different Environments and Using Different Conservation Techniques: A Review
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Research Progress on Ancient Bronze Corrosion in Different Environments and Using Different Conservation Techniques: A Review
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *