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Sapozhnikovite, Na8(Al6Si6O24)(HS)2, a new sodalite-group mineral from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 December 2021

Nikita V. Chukanov*
Affiliation:
Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432Russia Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
Natalia V. Zubkova
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
Igor V. Pekov
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygina str. 19, 119991Moscow, Russia
Roman Yu. Shendrik
Affiliation:
Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 1a Favorskii St., Irkutsk, 664033, Russia
Dmitry A. Varlamov
Affiliation:
Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, 142432Russia
Marina F. Vigasina
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
Dmitry I. Belakovskiy
Affiliation:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, 119071Moscow, Russia
Sergey N. Britvin
Affiliation:
Department of Crystallography, St Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Nab. 7/9, 199034St Petersburg, Russia
Vasiliy O. Yapaskurt
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
Dmitry Yu. Pushcharovsky
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
*
*Author for correspondence: Nikita V. Chukanov, Email: chukanov@icp.ac.ru

Abstract

The new sodalite-group mineral sapozhnikovite, ideally Na8(Al6Si6O24)(HS)2, was discovered in a hydrothermally altered urtite-like rock at Karnasurt Mountain, Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The associated minerals are nepheline, aegirine, potassic feldspar, albite, kyanoxalite, natrolite, fluorapatite, fluorcaphite, lomonosovite (partially or completely altered to murmanite) and loparite-(Ce). Sapozhnikovite forms isolated colourless to pale greyish anhedral equant grains up to 5 mm across. The streak is white and the lustre is vitreous. Strong orange fluorescence under longwave UV radiation (λ = 330 nm) and weak yellow-orange fluorescence under shortwave UV radiation (λ = 245 nm) is observed. Sapozhnikovite is brittle, with a Mohs hardness of 5½. Cleavage is imperfect on (110). Density measured by flotation in heavy liquids is equal to 2.25(1) g⋅cm–3. The calculated density is 2.255 g⋅cm–3. Sapozhnikovite is characterised by infrared, Raman, electron spin resonance, NIR-Vis-UV absorption, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The chemical composition is (wt.%, electron microprobe, H2O determined by gas chromatography of ignition products): Na2O 25.05, Al2O3 32.44, SiO2 37.58, HS 4.33, Cl 2.22, H2O 0.30, –O≡(Cl,HS) –1.55, total 100.37. The empirical formula is Na7.73Al6.08Si5.97O24(HS)1.25Cl0.60⋅0.16H2O. The crystal structure was determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data and refined to R1 = 1.62%. Sapozhnikovite is cubic, P$\bar{4}$3n, with a = 8.9146(1) Å, V = 708.45(2) Å3 and Z = 1. The new mineral is isostructural with sodalite. The strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are: 6.30 (37) (110), 3.638 (100) (211), 2.821 (14) (310), 2.572 (18) (222), 2.382 (16) (321) and 2.101 (29) (411). The mineral is named in honour of the Russian mineralogist and crystallographer Dr. Anatoly Nikolaevich Sapozhnikov (b. 1946).

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Article
Copyright
Copyright © Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: Charles A Geiger

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Sapozhnikovite, Na8(Al6Si6O24)(HS)2, a new sodalite-group mineral from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula
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