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Minerals with a palmierite-type structure. Part I. Mazorite Ba3(PO4)2, a new mineral from the Hatrurim Complex in Israel

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 July 2023

Rafał Juroszek*
Institute of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Silesia, Będzińska 60, 41-205 Sosnowiec, Poland
Irina Galuskina
Institute of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Silesia, Będzińska 60, 41-205 Sosnowiec, Poland
Biljana Krüger
Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Hannes Krüger
Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Yevgeny Vapnik
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
Volker Kahlenberg
Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Evgeny Galuskin
Institute of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Silesia, Będzińska 60, 41-205 Sosnowiec, Poland
Corresponding author: Rafał Juroszek; Email:


The new mineral mazorite, ideally Ba3(PO4)2, a P-analogue of gurimite Ba3(VO4)2, was discovered in rankinite paralava hosted by the massive gehlenite-bearing pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex in Israel. It has also recently been discovered in xenolith samples from the Bellerberg volcano in Germany. Holotype mazorite usually forms colourless plate-like crystals up to 70–100 μm in length but also occurs in small aggregates in association with other rare Ba-bearing minerals such as zadovite, celsian, hexacelsian, bennesherite, sanbornite, walstromite, fresnoite, gurimite, alforsite and barioferrite. The mineral is transparent, exhibits vitreous lustre and has a good cleavage on (001). Optically, mazorite is uniaxial (+), with ω = 1.760(3) and ɛ = 1.766(3) (λ = 589 nm). The empirical formula of the holotype mazorite calculated on 8O is (Ba2.69K0.22Na0.04Ca0.02Sr0.01)Σ2.98(P1.16V0.57S0.24Al0.04Si0.03)Σ2.04O8. Mazorite crystallises in space group R$\bar{3}$m, with unit-cell parameters a = 5.6617(5) Å, c = 21.1696(17) Å, V = 587.68(9) Å3 and Z = 3. Its crystal structure consists of BaO12, BaO10, and PO4 polyhedra, ordered along the c-axis in PO4–BaO10–BaO12–BaO10–PO4 columnar arrangement characteristic for palmierite-supergroup minerals. A tetrahedrally coordinated site is generally occupied by P5+ but can be partially substituted by V5+ and S6+. This substitution is shown in the Raman spectrum of mazorite, which reveals bands that can be assigned to the stretching and bending vibrations of (PO4)3–, (VO4)3– and (SO4)2– groups. The Raman spectra of mazorite from two localities (Hatrurim and Bellerberg) and spectra of minerals belonging to the mazorite Ba3(PO4)2 to gurimite Ba3(VO4)2 solid-solution series are presented. The gradual shift of the Raman bands, caused by cation substitutions, is well observed. The high V5+ → P5+ substitution is also observed for gurimite, for which the first X-ray structural data are also presented. Mazorite and other Ba-bearing minerals crystallised from a small portion of residual melt enriched in incompatible elements, such as Ba, V, P, U, S, Ti and Nb, at a temperature of ~1000°C.

Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of the United Kingdom and Ireland

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Associate Editor: Oleg I Siidra


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