Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-tj2md Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-22T13:58:19.471Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Lussierite, a new sodium uranyl sulfate mineral with bidentate UO7–SO4 linkage from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 June 2019

Anthony R. Kampf*
Mineral Sciences Department, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA90007, USA
Travis A. Olds
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN46556, USA
Jakub Plášil
Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Na Slovance 1999/2, 18221Prague 8, Czech Republic
Barbara P. Nash
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT84112, USA
Joe Marty
5199 East Silver Oak Road, Salt Lake City, UT84108, USA
*Author for correspondence: Anthony R. Kampf, Email:


The new mineral lussierite (IMA2018-101), Na10[(UO2)(SO4)4](SO4)2(H2O)3, was found in the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA, where it occurs as pale green–yellow prisms or blades in a secondary assemblage with belakovskiite, ferrinatrite, halite, ivsite, metavoltine and thénardite. The streak is white and the fluorescence is bright cyan under 365 nm ultraviolet light. Crystals are transparent with vitreous lustre. The tenacity is brittle, the Mohs hardness is 2½, the fracture is irregular and no cleavage was observed. The mineral is easily soluble in H2O and has a measured density of 2.87(2) g cm–3. Lussierite is optically biaxial (+), with α = 1.493(1), β = 1.505(1) and γ = 1.518(1) (white light); 2Vmeas. = 88(1)°; dispersion is r > v, moderate; pleochroism: X = colourless, Y and Z = green yellow (X < YZ); optical orientation: X = b, Za = 44° in obtuse β. Electron microprobe analyses (wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy mode) provided Na10(U0.99O2)(S1.00O4)6·3H2O (+0.06 H for charge balance). The five strongest X-ray powder diffraction lines are [dobs Å(I)(hkl)]: 6.69(95)($\bar{1}$11,130), 4.814(100)(150,002,060), 3.461(83)(171,$\bar{2}$02), 2.955(81)(113,330) and 2.882(74)($\bar{1}$91,311,191,0·10·0). Lussierite is monoclinic, Cc, a = 9.3134(4), b = 28.7501(11), c = 9.6346(7) Å, β = 93.442(7)°, V = 2575.1(2) Å3 and Z = 4. The structure (R1 = 0.0298 for 5202 I > 2σI) contains a [(UO2)(SO4)4]6– uranyl sulfate cluster in which one SO4 tetrahedron shares an edge (bidentate linkage) with the UO7 pentagonal bipyramid. The uranyl sulfate clusters occur in layers and are linked through a complex network of bonds involving Na+ cations, isolated SO4 tetrahedra and isolated H2O groups.

Copyright © Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Current address: Section of Minerals, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 4400 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Associate Editor: Daniel Atencio


Bartlett, J.R. and Cooney, R.P. (1989) On the determination of uranium-oxygen bond lengths in dioxouranium(VI) compounds by Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Molecular Structure, 193, 295300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bosi, F., Andreozzi, G.B., Skogby, H., Lussier, A.J., Abdu, Y.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2013) Fluor-elbaite, Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 98, 297303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burla, M.C., Caliandro, R., Camalli, M., Carrozzini, B., Cascarano, G.L., Giacovazzo, C., Mallamo, M., Mazzone, A., Polidori, G. and Spagna, R. (2012) SIR2011: a new package for crystal structure determination and refinement. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 45, 357361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burns, P.C. (2005) U6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 18391894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burns, P.C. and Hayden, L.A. (2002) A uranyl sulfate cluster in Na10[(UO2)(SO4)4](SO4)2·3H2O. Acta Crystallographica, C58, i121i123.Google Scholar
Čejka, J. (1999) Infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis of the uranyl minerals. Pp. 521622. Uranium: Mineralogy, Geochemistry and the Environment (Burns, P.C. and Finch, R.C., editors). Reviews in Mineralogy, 38. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chenoweth, W.L. (1993) The geology and production history of the uranium deposits in the White Canyon Mining District, San Juan County, Utah. Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication, 93–3.Google Scholar
Gagné, O.C. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2015) Comprehensive derivation of bond-valence parameters for ion pairs involving oxygen. Acta Crystallographica, B71, 562578.Google Scholar
Gurzhiy, V.V. and Plášil, J. (2019) Structural complexity of natural uranyl sulfates. Acta Crystallographica, B75, 3948.Google Scholar
Hawthorne, F.C., Lussier, A.J., Ball, N.A., Henry, D.J., Shimizu, R., Ogasawara, Y. and Ota, T. (2016) Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, from the ultrahigh–pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 101, 355361.Google Scholar
Higashi, T. (2001) ABSCOR. Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo.Google Scholar
Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A.V. and Marty, J. (2014) Belakovskiite, Na7(UO2)(SO4)4(SO3OH)(H2O)3, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 639649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A.V. and Marty, J. (2015) Bobcookite, NaAl(UO2)2(SO4)4·18H2O, and wetherillite, Na2Mg(UO2)2(SO4)4·18H2O, two new uranyl sulfate minerals from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 695714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Marty, J. and Čejka, J. (2017) Klaprothite, péligotite and ottohahnite, three new minerals with bidentate UO7–SO4 linkages from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 753779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kampf, A.R., Olds, T., Plášil, J., Nash, B.P. and Marty, J. (2018) Lussierite, IMA 2018-101. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page 1376; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 13691379.Google Scholar
Libowitzky, E. (1999) Correlation of O–H stretching frequencies and O–H···O hydrogen bond lengths in minerals. Monatshefte für Chemie, 130, 10471059.Google Scholar
Lussier, A.J. (2012) Zonation in Tourmaline from Granitic Pegmatites and the Occurrence of Tetrahedrally Coordinated Aluminum and Boron in Tourmaline. PhD thesis, Manitoba, Canada.Google Scholar
Lussier, A.J., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Tait, K.T., Back, M.E., Steede, A.H., Taylor, R. and McDonald, A.M. (2014) Ferro-ferri-nybøite, NaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2, a new clinoamphibole from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada: Description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 10191026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lussier, A.J., Lopez, R.A.K. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2016) A revised and expanded structure hierarchy of natural and synthetic hexavalent uranium compounds. The Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 177283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mandarino, J.A. (1976) The Gladstone–Dale relationship – Part 1: derivation of new constants. The Canadian Mineralogist, 14, 498502.Google Scholar
Olds, T.A., Lussier, A.J., Oliver, A. G., Petříček, V., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Burns, P.C., Dembowski, M., Carlson, S.M. and Steele, I.M. (2017) Shinkolobweite, IMA 2016-095. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 404; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 403409.Google Scholar
Plášil, J., Buixaderas, E., Čejka, J., Sejkora, J., Jelička, J., and Novk, M. (2010) Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl sulphate mineral zippeite: low wavenumber and U–O stretching regions. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 397, 27032715.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V. and Marty, J. (2014) Bluelizardite, Na7(UO2)(SO4)4Cl(H2O)2, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Journal of Geosciences, 59, 145158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pouchou, J.L. and Pichoir, F. (1985) “PAP” (φρZ) procedure for improved quantitative microanalysis. Pp. 104106 in: Microbeam Analysis (Armstrong, J.T., editor). San Francisco Press, San Francisco, California, USA.Google Scholar
Sheldrick, G.M. (2015) Crystal structure refinement with SHELX. Acta Crystallographica, C71, 38.Google Scholar
Volkovich, V.A., Griffiths, T.R., Fray, D.J. and Fields, M. (1998) Vibrational spectra of alkali metal Li, Na and K uranates and consequent assignment of uranate ion site symmetry. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 17, 8391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Kampf et al. supplementary material

Kampf et al. supplementary material

Download Kampf et al. supplementary material(File)
File 116.5 KB