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Calcium sulphosilicate in lime-kiln wall coating

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 July 2018

M. W. Pryce*
Affiliation:
Government Chemical Laboratories, Perth, Western Australia

Summary

Green calcium sulphosilicate layers were formed in lime-larnite-calcite wall coating in a lime kiln at Rivervale, Western Australia. The compound formed in the kiln flame area by the combination of siliceous lime sand feed with sulphur trioxide from the sulphurous oil fuel.

The calcium sulphosilicate is orthorhombic with a 10·183, b 15·408, c 6·825 Å, space group Pcmn. Crystals are [100] tablets or prisms elongated along c, D 2·95, hardness 5, streak pale green, decomposed by organic acids. Optical properties α 1·632 = [001] blue, β 1·638 = [100] yellow-green γ 1·640 yellow-green, 2Vα = 60°, dispersion r > v, X-ray powder lines: 2·855 (10) 032,202; 2·838 (7) 330,321; 3·35 (6) 012; 2·622 (6) 331; 2·571 (6) 060; 3·20 (5) 231; 1·962 (5); 1·899 (5); 1·896 (5); 1·372 (5).

Chemical analysis by P. Hewson gave: SiO2 21·50, Al2O3 1·83, Fe2O2 0·50, CO2 0·49, P2O5 0·23, CaO 57·19, MgO 0·35, Na2O 0·22, K2O 0·22, SrO 0·15, Li2O 0·06, SO3 16·71, H2O+ 0·28, H2O 0·10, others 0·04, total 99·87. On a water-free basis the unit cell contains Ca19.66 Mg0.17 Na0.14 K0.08 Sr0.03 Li0.08 approximately 4[Ca5(SiO4)2SO4] and isostructural with silicocarnotite, 4[Ca5(PO4)2SiO4]. Type material is preserved at the Government Chemical Laboratories, Perth, Western Australia.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 1972

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References

Dickens, (B.) and Brown, (W. E.), 1971. Tschermaks Min. Petr. Mitt., 16, 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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