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Investigating Processes of Nanocrystal Formation and Transformation via Liquid Cell TEM

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 March 2014

Michael H. Nielsen
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Dongsheng Li
Affiliation:
Physical Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
Hengzhong Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Shaul Aloni
Affiliation:
Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
T. Yong-Jin Han
Affiliation:
Physical Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94551, USA
Cathrine Frandsen
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
Jong Seto
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany Department of Chemistry, École Normale Supérieure, Paris 75005, France
Jillian F. Banfield
Affiliation:
Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Helmut Cölfen
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany
James J. De Yoreo
Affiliation:
Physical Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Recent ex situ observations of crystallization in both natural and synthetic systems indicate that the classical models of nucleation and growth are inaccurate. However, in situ observations that can provide direct evidence for alternative models have been lacking due to the limited temporal and spatial resolution of experimental techniques that can observe dynamic processes in a bulk solution. Here we report results from liquid cell transmission electron microscopy studies of nucleation and growth of Au, CaCO3, and iron oxide nanoparticles. We show how these in situ data can be used to obtain direct evidence for the mechanisms underlying nanoparticle crystallization as well as dynamic information that provide constraints on important energetic parameters not available through ex situ methods.

Type
In Situ Special Section
Copyright
© Microscopy Society of America 2014 

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