Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-79b67bcb76-wlt4x Total loading time: 0.204 Render date: 2021-05-16T10:12:52.986Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 May 2010

J.G.F. Gomes-Filho
Affiliation:
University of Plymouth, Marine Benthic Ecology Research Group (MBERG), Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK
S.J. Hawkins
Affiliation:
University of Wales, Bangor, College of Natural Sciences, Gwynedd, Wales, LL57 2UW, UK
R. Aquino-Souza
Affiliation:
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, European Way, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UK
R.C. Thompson
Affiliation:
University of Plymouth, Marine Benthic Ecology Research Group (MBERG), Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Get access

Abstract

Estuaries often show clearly recognizable changes in the distribution of organisms along environmental gradients from riverine to fully marine conditions. Surveys performed along the horizontal axis of the Plym and the Yealm Estuaries identified patterns of distribution and abundance of intertidal barnacles and provided a new assessment on the dominance exhibited by the non-native species Elminius modestus in these estuaries. Elminius modestus occurred furthest up in estuaries and was dominant along most of their length, with the exception of few sites closest to the sea; Chthamalus montagui had the most restricted degree of penetration up-estuary; and Semibalanus balanoides occurred at low abundances, with limits of penetration located between those of C. montagui and E. modestus. At many sites, E. modestus was the only barnacle species found. There were changes in the relative abundances of these three species in several particular locations within the Plym and the Yealm in comparison to previous accounts made in the last decades, which, in most cases led to increased dominance of E. modestus. This was mainly due to reductions in the abundances of S. balanoides. Physico-chemical conditions experienced after settlement, especially deposition of silt, exposure and salinity regime contribute to the patterns described here.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Allen, B.M., Power, A.M., O'Riordan, R.M., Myers, A.A. and McGrath, D. (2006) Increases in the abundance of the invasive barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in Ireland. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 106B, 155161.Google Scholar
Aller, R.C. and Dodge, R.E. (1974) Animal–sediment relations in a tropical lagoon Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Journal of Marine Research 32, 209231.Google Scholar
Attrill, M.J. and Thomas, R.M. (1996) Long-term distribution patterns of mobile estuarine invertebrates (Ctenophora, Cnidaria, Crustacea: Decapoda) in relation to hydrological parameters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 143, 2536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. (1989) Egg production in cirripedes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 27, 91166.Google Scholar
Barnes and Barnes (1958) A note on the opening response of Balanus balanoides (L.) in relation to salinity and certain inorganic ions. Veroffentlich des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven 5, 160164.Google Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1960a) Recent spread and present distribution of the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in north-west Europe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 135, 137145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1960b) Elminius modestus in south-west Scotland. Nature 186, 989–980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1961) Recent spread and present distribution of the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in south-west Scotland. Glasgow Naturalist 18, 121129.Google Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1962) The growth rate of Elminius modestus (Crust., Cirripedia) in Scotland. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 47, 481486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1965) Elminius modestus (Darwin): further European records. Progress in Oceanography 3, 2330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1968) Egg numbers, metabolic efficiency of egg production and fecundity: local and regional variations in numbers of species of barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 32, 107127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. (1969) Elminius modestus Darwin: records of its present distribution and abundance in the Baie de St Malo and in the region of St Jean-de-Luz. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 3, 156161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, H. and Stone, R.L. (1972) New record for Elminius modestus Darwin in western Scotland (Cirripedia, Thoracica). Crustaceana 23, 309310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bishop, M.W.H. (1947) Establishment of an immigrant barnacle in British coastal waters. Nature 159, 501502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boyden, C.R., Crothers, J.H., Little, C. and Mettam, C. (1977) The intertidal invertebrate fauna of the Severn Estuary. Field Studies 4, 477554.Google Scholar
Burrows, M.T. (1988) The comparative biology of Chthamalus stellatus (Poli) and Chthamalus montagui Southward. PhD thesis. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.Google Scholar
Carriker, M.R. (1961) Interrelation of functional morphology, behaviour and autoecology in early stages of the bivalve Mercenaria mercenaria. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 77, 168241.Google Scholar
Carriker, M.R. (1967) Ecology of estuarine benthic invertebrates: a perspective. In Lauff, G.H. (ed.) Estuaries. Washington, DC: AAAS, pp. 443487.Google Scholar
Castaing, P. and Guilcher, A. (1995) Geomorphology and sedimentology of rias. In Perillo, G.M.E. (ed.) Geomorphology and sedimentology of estuaries, developments in sedimentology. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, pp. 115.Google Scholar
Cawthorne, D.F. (1978) Tolerance of some cirripede nauplii to fluctuating salinities. Marine Biology 46, 321325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cawthorne, D.F. (1979) A comparative study of the closure responses of some cirripede species exposed to falling seawater concentrations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 59, 811817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cawthorne, D.F. and Davenport, J. (1980) The effect of fluctuating temperature, salinity, and aerial exposure upon larval release in Balanus balanoides and Elminius modestus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 60, 367377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crisp, D.J. (1958) The spread of Elminius modestus Darwin in north-west Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 37, 483520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crisp, D.J. and Davies, P.A. (1955) Observations in vivo on the breeding of Elminius modestus grown on glass slides. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34, 357380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crisp, D.J. and Southward, A.J. (1959) The further spread of Elminius modestus in the British Isles to 1959. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 38, 429437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crisp, D.J., Southward, A.J. and Southward, E.C. (1981) On the distribution of the intertidal Chthamalus stellatus, Chthamalus montagui and Euraphia depressa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 61, 359380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davenport, J.D. (1976) A comparative study of the behaviour of some balanomorph barnacles exposed to fluctuating seawater concentrations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56, 889907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Day, J.H. (1959) The biology of Langebaan Lagoon: a study of the effect of shelter from wave action. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 35, 475547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Den Hartog, C. (1953) Immigration, dissemination and ecology of Elminius modestus Darwin in the North Sea, especially along the Dutch Coast. Beaufortia 33, 920.Google Scholar
Den Hartog, C. (1956) Speculations on the immigration of the barnacle Elminius modestus in France. Beaufortia 5, 141142.Google Scholar
Dixon, I.M.T. (1986) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Exe Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 670 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/52/85), 54 pp.Google Scholar
Ellis, J.I., Cummings, V., Hewitt, J., Thrush, S. and Norkko, A. (2002) Determining effects of suspended sediment on condition of a suspension feeding bivalve (Atrina zelandica): results of a survey, a laboratory experiment and a field transplant experiment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 267, 147174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fischer-Piette, E. (1965) Suite d'expansion sur la côte atlantic française du cirripede Austral Elminius modestus Darwin. Bulletin du Muséum National de Histoire Naturelle 7, 466468.Google Scholar
Fischer-Piette, E. and Forrest, J. (1961) Nouveuax progrés du cirripede austral Elminius modestus Darwin sur les côtes atlantics françaises et ibériques. Crustaceana 2, 293299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher-Piette, E. and Prenant, M. (1956) Distribution des cirripedes intercotideaux d'Espagne septentrionale. Bulletin du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Scientifiques de Biarritz 1, 719.Google Scholar
Fisher-Piette, E. and Prenant, M. (1957) Quelques données écologiques sur les cirripedes du Portugal, de l'Espagne du Sud et du Nord du Maroc. Bulletin du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Scientiques de Biarritz 1, 361368.Google Scholar
Flowerdew, M.W. (1984) Electrophoretic comparison of the antipodean cirripede, Elminius modestus, with immigrant European populations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 64, 625635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foster, B.A. (1969) Tolerance of high temperatures by some intertidal barnacles. Marine Biology 4, 326332.Google Scholar
Foster, B.A. (1970) Responses and acclimation to salinity in the adults of some balanomorph barnacles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 256, 377400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foster, B.A. (1971) Desiccation as a factor in the intertidal zonation of barnacles. Marine Biology 8, 1290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foster, B.A. (1978) The marine fauna of New Zealand: barnacles (Cirripedia: Thoracica). New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 69, 1160.Google Scholar
Foster, B.A. (1982) Shallow water barnacles from Hong Kong. In Morton, B.S. and Tseng, C.K. (eds) The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp. 207232.Google Scholar
Foster, B.A. (1987) Barnacle ecology and adaptation. In Southward, A.J. (ed.) Crustacean Issues. 5. Barnacle biology. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, pp. 113133.Google Scholar
Frid, C. (1989) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, the Teign Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 920 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/15/88), 47 pp.Google Scholar
Gill, C. and Mercer, T. (1989) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Camel Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 954 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/14/88), 51 pp.Google Scholar
Hardwick-Witman, M.N. and Mathieson, A.C. (1983) Intertidal macroalgae and macroinvertebrates: seasonal and spatial abundance patterns along an estuarine gradient. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 16, 113129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harms, J. (1999) The neozoan Elminius modestus Darwin (Crustacea, Cirripedia): possible explanations for its successful invasion in European water. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52, 337345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herbert, R.J.H., Southward, A.J., Sheader, M. and Hawkins, S.J. (2004) Influence of recruitment and temperature on distribution of intertidal barnacles in the English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 87, 487499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hiscock, K. (1986) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain. Salcombe Harbour and the Kingsbridge Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 668 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/40/85), 83 pp.Google Scholar
Hiscock, K., Hiscock, S. and Baker, J.M. (1978) The occurrence of the barnacle Elminius modestus in Shetland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 58, 627629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hiscock, K. and Moore, J. (1986) Survey of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain. Plymouth area including the Yealm. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 752 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/36/86).Google Scholar
Horsman, P. (1986) A report on the River Dart survey for the Nature Conservancy Council. Marine Conservation Society, CSD Report No. 695, 34 pp.Google Scholar
Jones, D.H. (1961) Elminius modestus on the south-east coast of Scotland. Nature 190, 103104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jorgensen, C.B. (1966) The biology of suspension feeding. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 357 pp.Google Scholar
Jorgensen, C.B. (1996) Bivalve filter feeding revisited. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 142, 287302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Knight-Jones, E.W. (1948) Elminius modestus: another important pest of east coast oyster beds. Nature 7, 201202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lawson, J., Davenport, J. and Whitaker, A. (2004) Barnacle distribution in Lough Hyne Marine Nature Reserve: a new baseline and an account of invasion by introduced Australasian species Elminius modestus Darwin. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 60, 729735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levinton, J.S. and Bambach, R.K. (1970) Some ecological aspects of bivalve mortality patterns. American Journal of Science 268, 97112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, J.R. (1964) The ecology of rocky shores. London: English Universities Press.Google Scholar
Little, A. (1988) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Looe Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 817 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/27/87), 15 pp.Google Scholar
Little, A. (1989) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, Taw and Torridge Estuary. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 1002 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/10/89), 45 pp.Google Scholar
Little, C., Morritt, D. and Stirling, P. (1992) Changes in the shore fauna and flora of Lough Hyne. Irish Naturalists' Journal 24, 8795.Google Scholar
Little, C. and Smith, L.P. (1980) Vertical zonation on rocky shores in the Severn estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Marine Science 2, 651669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Little, C., Williams, G.A., Morritt, D., Perrins, J.M. and Stirling, P. (1988) Foraging behaviour of Pattela vulgata in an Irish sea-lough. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 120, 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Loosanoff, V.L. (1962) Effects of turbidity on some larval and adult bivalves. Proceedings of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 14, 8095.Google Scholar
Mettam, C. (1994) Intertidal zonation of animals and plants on rocky shores in the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary—the northern shores. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 51, 123147.Google Scholar
Moore, J. (1988) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain: Dart Estuary including The Range. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 818 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/6/87), 74 pp.Google Scholar
Moore, L.B. (1944) Some intertidal sessile barnacles from New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 73, 315334.Google Scholar
Nehring, S. (2006) Four arguments why so many alien species settle into estuaries, with special reference to the German River Elbe. Helgoland Marine Research 60, 127134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Riordan, R.M. and Murphy, O. (2000) Variation in the reproductive cycle of Elminius modestus in southern Ireland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 80, 607616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Riordan, R.M. and Ramsay, N.M. (1999) The current distribution and abundance of the Australasian barnacle Elminius modestus in Portugal. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79, 937939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pannacciulli, F.G. (1995) Population ecology and genetics of European species of intertidal barnacles. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.Google Scholar
Reise, K., Gollasch, S. and Wolff, W.J. (1999) Introduced marine species of the North Sea coasts. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52, 219234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reise, K., Olenin, S. and Thieltges, D.W. (2006) Are aliens threatening European aquatic coastal ecosystems? Helgoland Marine Research 60, 7783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rhoads, D.C. and Young, D.K. (1970) The influence of deposit-feeding organisms on sediment stability and community trophic structure. Journal of Marine Research 28, 150178.Google Scholar
Rostron, D. (1987) Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain, the Helford River. Field Studies Council, Oil Pollution Research Unit, Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 850 (FSC Report, No. FSC/OPRU/17/87), 69 pp.Google Scholar
Ruiz, G.M., Carlton, J.T., Grosholz, E.D. and Hines, A.H. (1997) Global invasions of marine and estuarine habitats by non-indigenous species: mechanisms, extent, and consequences. American Zoologist 37, 621632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sanders, H.L., Mangelsdorf, P.C. Jr and Hampson, G.R. (1965) Salinity and faunal distribution in the Pocasset River, Massachusetts. Limnology and Oceanography, 10 (Supplement), 216229. [Alfred C. Redfield 75th Anniversary Volume.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silina, A.V. (2002) The effect of muddy bottom sediment on the abundance and life span of the barnacle, Hesperibalanus hesperius, epizoic on scallop shells. Biofouling 18, 263268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Southward, A.J. (1955) On the behaviour of barnacles. I. The relation of cirral and other activities to temperature. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34, 403422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Southward, A.J. (1976) On the taxonomic status and distribution of Chthamalus stellatus (Cirripedia) in the north-east Atlantic region: with a key to the common intertidal barnacles of Britain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56, 10071028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Southward, A.J. (1991) Forty years of changes in species composition and population density of barnacles on a rocky shore near Plymouth. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 71, 495513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Southward, A.J. and Crisp, D.J. (1952) Changes in the distribution of the intertidal barnacles in relation to the environment. Nature 179, 416417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Southward, A.J. and Crisp, D.J. (1956) Fluctuations in the distribution and abundance of intertidal barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 35, 211229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stubbings, H.G. (1950) Earlier records of Elminius modestus Darwin in British waters. Nature 166, 277.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Watson, D.I., O'Riordan, R.M., Barnes, D.K.A. and Cross, T. (2005) Temporal and spatial variability in the recruitment of barnacles and the local dominance of Elminius modestus (Darwin) in SW Ireland. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 63, 119131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wolff, W.J. (1983) Estuarine benthos. In Ketchum, B.H. (ed.) Ecosystems of the world, 26, estuaries and enclosed seas. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 151183.Google Scholar
Wolff, W.J. (1999) Exotic invaders of the meso-oligohaline zone of estuaries in The Netherlands: why are there so many? Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52, 393400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Distribution of barnacles and dominance of the introduced species Elminius modestus along two estuaries in South-West England
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *