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The extensive geographical range of several species of Teloschistaceae: evidence from Russia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 May 2016

Jan VONDRÁK
Affiliation:
Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Zámek 1, 252 43 Průhonice, Czech Republic; Department of Botany, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 370 05, České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 1176, Praha 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic. Email: j.vondrak@seznam.cz
Ivan FROLOV
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 370 05, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
Evgeny A. DAVYDOV
Affiliation:
Altai State University, Lenin Ave. 61, Barnaul, 656049, Russia
Irina URBANAVICHENE
Affiliation:
Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Prof. Popov Str., 2, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia
Sergey CHESNOKOV
Affiliation:
Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Prof. Popov Str., 2, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia
Ilya ZHDANOV
Affiliation:
A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Leninskiy Prospect 33, Moscow, 119071, Russia
Evgenia MUCHNIK
Affiliation:
Institute of Forest Research, RAS, Sovetskaya 21, v. Uspenskoe, Odyntsovsky distr., Moscow region, 143030, Russia
Ludmila KONOREVA
Affiliation:
Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Prof. Popov Str., 2, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia; Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute, Kirovsk, 184256, Russia
Dimitry HIMELBRANT
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, St. Petersburg State University (SPbSU), Universitetskaya emb. 7–9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia; Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Professor Popov St. 2, 197376 St. Petersburg, Russia
Svetlana TCHABANENKO
Affiliation:
Russia, Sakhalin Branch of Botanical Garden-Institute FEB RAS, Gorkogo St., 25, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 693023, Russia

Abstract

The current view of the geographical ranges of lichens is often distorted by overly narrow or overly broad applications of names and by insufficient survey of most regions of the world. Here we present several cases where species of Teloschistaceae formerly thought to be limited to rather small territories in the western or eastern parts of Eurasia are in fact widespread in northern Eurasia. We support our findings with ITS nrDNA data in several new trees showing relationships in the genera Athallia, Calogaya, Caloplaca, Flavoplaca and Gyalolechia. The widespread species have little in common, except that most of them reproduce both sexually and asexually, and we discuss the possible influence of the combined reproduction on geographical range. Calogaya bryochrysion, Calogaya saxicola, Gyalolechia epiphyta and Gyalolechia ussuriensis are new combinations. Calogaya alaskensis is a younger synonym for C. bryochrysion. The generally arctic-alpine Calogaya bryochrysion also occurs on the bark of solitary trees in dry parts of the Altai Mountains. The Australian Flavoplaca cranfieldii is a younger synonym of F. flavocitrina. Gyalolechia epiphyta has been described numerous times, from different regions and substrata, as Caloplaca juniperi, C. laricina, C. tarani, Gyalolechia arizonica and G. juniperina. The name Gyalolechia xanthostigmoidea has recently been used for G. epiphyta, but it represents a distinct taxon. Gyalolechia ussuriensis is closely related to and morphologically indistinguishable from G. persimilis, but they have a different ecology and distribution and we regard them as distinct species. Caloplaca juniperina Tomin is lectotypified.

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Copyright
© British Lichen Society, 2016 

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