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Corippus’ Triumphal Ethnography: another look at Iohannis II.28–161.

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 April 2019

Andy Merrills*
Affiliation:
School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester.

Abstract

The so-called ‘catalogue of tribes’ in Corippus, Iohannis, II.28–161 is central to the historical ethnography of Moorish North Africa in Late Antiquity, yet the sources behind this passage and its poetic function have never been directly addressed. The present paper argues that Corippus derived this material from the trophies carried in the triumphal procession that marked the successful conclusion of John Troglita's campaigns in 548. The evocation of this ceremony at the outset of Corippus’ narrative corresponds to the ironic tone which permeates the work, but also explains the eccentric form of the material included within the catalogue. The paper concludes with some observations about the implications of this for modern understanding of Moorish ‘tribal’ society in the later Roman and early Byzantine period.

يمثل ما يسمى ”فهرس القبائل “ في ملحمة يوهانيس II.28–161 لكوريبوس (Corippus’ Iohannis) جزءاً رئيسياً في الإثنوغرافيا التاريخية لمغاربة شمال أفريقيا في العصر القديم المتأخر (Late Antiquity)، ومع ذلك فإن مصادر هذه القطعة و وظائفها الشعرية لم يتم التطرق لهما مسبقاً بشكل مباشر . تبحث هذه الورقة في أن كوريبوس استمد هذه المادة من الجوائز التي حملت في ’موكب النصر ‘ الذي اختتمت به الحملات العسكرية الناجحة لجون تروجليتا في سنة 548 ميلادي . إن استحضار كوريبوس لهذا الحفل في بداية سرده، يتوافق مع النغمة الساخرة التي تخللت العمل، و يفسر أيضاً الشكل الغريب للعناصر المدرجة في الفهرس . وتختتم الورقة ببعض الملاحظات حول الآثار المترتبة من هذا على الفهم الحديث لمجتمع ”القبائل “ المغاربي في العصر الروماني والفترة البيزنطية المبكرة .

Type
Part 2: Research Papers and Notes
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Libyan Studies 2019 

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Footnotes

Much of the research for this article was undertaken as a visiting fellow at the University of Sydney. I would like to thank Richard Miles, John Whitehouse and the staff at the Whitehouse and Fisher libraries for their hospitality. I am also grateful to the Society for Libyan Studies and the School of Archaeology and Ancient History at the University of Leicester for financial support. A version of this paper was presented at the ‘North Africa 500–1000’ colloquium at the University of Tübingen in November 2018. I am grateful to Paolo Tedesco and Roland Steinacher for the invitation to speak, and to all of the participants in the congress for their helpful discussion, particularly Corisande Fenwick, Lisa Fentress, Daniel Syrbe and Robin Whelan. Mary Harlow read an early version of this paper and made many helpful comments.

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