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The Evolution of Data and Freedom of Expression and Hate Speech Concerns with Artificial Intelligence

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 April 2022

Abstract

This opinion article, by Channarong Intahchomphoo and Christian Tschirhart, explains the evolution of data and how it becomes useful information and then insightful knowledge. In the current era we are witnessing a high increase in the development and adaptation of artificial intelligence (AI) in society. AI technologies have the ability to process large volumes of data and information to help in finding insightful knowledge. However, AI is not perfect and there are ethical concerns, particularly when unintended negative consequences result from it; this paper also discusses ethical concerns currently confronting our society related to the freedom of expression and hate speech issues with AI. Importantly, this paper notes that governments are working to find ways to regulate social media and internet companies through legal channels as governments are no longer confident in the ability of social media and internet companies to self-regulate and thereby to guide society on what content is right or wrong. This is a critical new development in internet and AI governance that information and technology professionals and public and private organizations need to monitor closely the situation as it evolves.

Type
Legal Informatics
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by British and Irish Association of Law Librarians

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References

Footnotes

1 Andre Hudson and Crista Wadsworth, (2021) ‘Genomic Sequencing: Here's How Researchers Identify Omicron and Other COVID-19 Variants’. https://theconversation.com/genomic-sequencing-heres-how-researchers-identify-omicron-and-other-covid-19-variants-172935 accessed 2022.

2 United Nations, ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’. https://www.un.org/en/about-us/universal-declaration-of-human-rights accessed 2022.

3 Department of Justice, Government of Canada. Constitution Act, 1982: Part I Canadian charter of rights and freedoms. https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/const/page-12.html accessed 2022.

4 R v Sharpe [2001] 1 SCR 45. https://scc-csc.lexum.com/scc-csc/scc-csc/en/item/1837/index.do accessed 2022.

5 Daniel J Rowe, (2021) ‘‘I know I Caused a Lot of Harm’: Habs Draft Pick Logan Mailloux Apologizes for Sharing Sexually Explicit Photos Without Consent’. https://montreal.ctvnews.ca/i-know-i-caused-a-lot-of-harm-habs-draft-pick-logan-mailloux-apologizes-for-sharing-sexually-explicit-photos-without-consent-1.5521894 accessed 2022.

6 Channarong Intahchomphoo, (2018) ‘Social Media and Youth Suicide: A Systematic Review’. Proceedings of the 2018 European Conference on Information Systems: Beyond Digitization-Facets of Socio-Technical Change, Portsmouth, UK. https://aisel.aisnet.org/ecis2018_rp/13/ accessed 2022.

7 Meta Platforms. (2022) Facebook Community Standards. https://transparency.fb.com/policies/community-standards/ accessed 2022.

8 YouTube. (2022) YouTube's Community Guidelines. https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/9288567?hl=en accessed 2022.

9 TikTok (2022) Community Guidelines. https://www.tiktok.com/community-guidelines?lang=en accessed 2022.

10 Twitter (2022) The Twitter Rules. https://help.twitter.com/en/rules-and-policies/twitter-rules accessed 2022.

11 BBC News. (2021) ‘Alexa Tells 10-year-old Girl to Touch Live Plug With Penny’. https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-59810383 accessed 2022.

12 Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. (2020) Investigations. https://www.priv.gc.ca/en/opc-actions-and-decisions/investigations/ accessed 2022.

13 CBC News. (2021) ‘U.S. Senators Go After Head of Instagram Over How Platform Can Harm Children’. https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/instagram-senate-hearing-1.6278644 accessed 2022.

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