Studies of high energy density in matter driven by heavy ion beams in solid targets
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 12 February 2003
By the interaction of intense (1010 particles/500 ns) relativistic (∼300 MeV/amu) heavy ion beams with solid targets, large volumes (several cubic millimeters) of strongly coupled plasmas are produced at solid-state densities and temperatures of up to 1 eV, with relevance for equation-of-state (EOS) studies of matter at high energy density and heavy ion-beam-driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF). The time and space profile of the ion beams, focused by the plasma lens to diameters of a minimum of 0.5 mm in order to obtain specific energy depositions of up to about 4 kJ/g, were measured to calculate the energy deposition in the target. In the present work, the plasmas created by ion beam interaction with cryogenic gas crystals and metallic targets are studied, among other methods, by backlighting shadowgraphy and electrical conductivity measurements. The experiments are coupled with two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations.
- Research Article
- © 2002 Cambridge University Press