Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-frvt8 Total loading time: 0.308 Render date: 2022-09-30T14:25:47.171Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Analysis of selective vaporization behavior in laser melting of magnesium alloy by plume deposition

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 November 2013

Guan Yingchun*
Affiliation:
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore
Zhou Wei
Affiliation:
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore
Zheng Hongyu
Affiliation:
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore
Li Zhongli
Affiliation:
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore
Seng Hwee Leng
Affiliation:
Institute of Materials Research & Engineering, Singapore
Hong Minghui
Affiliation:
National University of Singapore, Singapore
*
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Y.C. Guan, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore639798. E-mail: guan0013@e.ntu.edu.sg

Abstract

Laser surface melting is one of the most important processes in laser material processing. Selective vaporization of alloying elements in laser melting offers fundamental understanding of laser processing on metallic alloys. This work provides linkage between laser melting and material properties using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) for tiny vaporized species in laser-generated plume and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) for solid solution range in molten pool, both qualitatively and quantitatively (up to hundreds of micron). Silicon wafer was used to collect the generated plume. Chemical analysis was carried out on top surface and sub-surface of the deposited plume. Transport behavior as well as distribution of the vaporized species inside the plume was further proposed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Cao, X., Wallace, W., Poon, C. & Immarigeon, J.P. (2003). Research and progress in laser welding of wrought aluminum alloys. Mater. Manuf. Process 18, 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cieslak, M.J. & Fuerschbach, P.W. (1988). On the weldability, composition, and hardness of pulsed and continuous Nd-YAG laser welds in aluminum-alloys 6061, 5456, and 5086. Metall. Trans. 19B, 319329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collur, M.M., Paul, A. & Debroy, T. (1987). Mechanism of. Alloying Element Vaporization During Laser Welding. Metall. Trans. 18B, 733740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
David, S.A. & Debroy, T. (1992). Current issues and problems in welding science. Sci. 257, 497502.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goodall, P., Johnson, S.G. & Wood, E. (1995). Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry of a uranium-zirconium alloy: Ablation properties and analytical behavior. Spectro Acta Part B 50, 18231835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guan, Y.C., Zhou, W. & Zheng, H.Y. (2009 b). Effect of laser surface melting on corrosion behaviour of AZ91D in simulated-modified body fluid. J. Appl. Electrochem. 39, 14571464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guan, Y.C., Zhou, W. & Zheng, H.Y. (2009 c). Effect of Nd:YAG laser melting on surface energy of AZ91D Mg alloy. Surf. Rev. Lett. 16, 801806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guan, Y.C., Zhou, W., Li, Z.L. & Zheng, H.Y. (2009 a). Study on the solidification microstructure in AZ91D Mg alloy after laser surface melting. Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 82358238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
He, X., DebRoy, T. & Fuerschbach, P.W. (2004). Composition change of stainless steel during microjoining with short laser pulse. J. Appl. Phys. 96, 45474555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ignat, S., Sallamand, P., Grevey, D. & Lambertin, M. (2004). WE43 and ZE41 Magnesium alloys Characterisation for Laser Applications. Appl. Surf. Sci. 225,124134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jandaghi, M., Parvin, P., Torkamany, M.J. & Sabbaghzadeh, J. (2009). Alloying element losses in pulsed Nd:YAG laser welding of Stainless Steel-316. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 205301.Google Scholar
Kutz, M. (2002). Handbook of Materials Selection. New York: John Wiley & Sons.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, Z.L., Yow, S.Z., Lui, L., Yakovlev, N.L., Sun, Y., Swenson, E.J. & Moran, P.M. (2004). SIMS study of plumes generated from laser ablation of polymers. Appl. Phys. A 78, 611616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matsuta, H., Naeem, T.M. & Wagatsuma, K. (2004). Effect of laser wavelength on the selective vaporization of Cu-Zn alloy in laser ablation at low pressure. ISIJ Internation. 44, 220222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mochizuki, T., Sakashita, A., Tsuji, T., Iwata, H., Ishibashi, Y. & Gunji, N. (1991). Flow injection technique for determination of thallium, lead and bismuth in nickel-base alloys by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Anal. Sci. 7, 479481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moon, D.W. & Metzbower, E.A. (1983). Laser-beam welding of aluminum alloy-5456. Welding J. 62, S53S58.Google Scholar
Song, G.L. (2010). Corrosion Behavior of Mg Alloys and Protection Techniques. Cambridge: CRC Press.Google Scholar
Stasic, J., Gakovic, B., Krmpot, A., Pavlovic, V., Trtica, M. & Jelenkovic, B. (2009). Nickel-based super-alloy Inconel 600 morphological modifications by high repetition rate femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser. Laser Part. Beams 27, 699707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steen, W.M. (2003). Laser Material Processing. London: Springer, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willmott, P.R. & Huber, J.R. (2000). Pulsed laser vaporization and deposition. Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 315328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Witte, F. (2010). The history of biodegradable magnesium implants: A review. Acta Biomater. 6, 16801692.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yoo, J.H., Jeong, S.H., Greif, R. & Russo, R.E. (2000). Explosive change in crater properties during high power nanosecond laser ablation of silicon. J. Appl. Phys. 88, 16381649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, L.C., Klemm, D., Eckert, J., Haod, Y.L. & Sercombea, T.B. (2011). Manufacture by selective laser melting and mechanical behavior of a biomedical Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn alloy. Scrip. Mater. 65, 2124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, H. & Debroy, T. (2001). Weld metal composition change during conduction mode laser welding of aluminum alloy 5182. Metall. Trans. 32B, 163–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Analysis of selective vaporization behavior in laser melting of magnesium alloy by plume deposition
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Analysis of selective vaporization behavior in laser melting of magnesium alloy by plume deposition
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Analysis of selective vaporization behavior in laser melting of magnesium alloy by plume deposition
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *