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From Fisin to Pijin: Creolization in process in the Solomon Islands

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 February 2009

Christine Jourdan
Affiliation:
Department of socielogy and Anthoropology, Concordia University, Montréal, Cananda H3G 1M8, jourdan@vax2.concordia.ca
Roger Keesing
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, McGill University, Montréal, Canada H3A 2T7
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

In a combination of ethnohistorical records and longitudinal data gathered over a period of 30 years, the development of Solomon Islands Pijin is documented and analyzed in light of the current debate surrounding creolization theory. Using a pragmatic definition of a Creole (Jourdan 1991), the authors argue that pidgins can be very elaborate codes even before they become the mother tongue of children, and that this elaboration is the result of the linguistic creativity of adults. It is further shown that, in sociolinguistic niches where adults and children use the pidgin as their main language, the impact of the latter on the evolution of the language is of a different nature. (Creolization theory, pidgin languages, substrate influences, urbanization, Solomon Islands Pijin)

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1997

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