Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-p2v8j Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-13T07:37:23.693Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Working Women and Monstrous Mothers: Kant, Marx, and the Valuation of Domestic Labour

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2017

Jordan Pascoe*
Affiliation:
Manhattan College

Abstract

In this article, I compare Kant’s and Marx’s analysis of women and domestic labour in their mature political works, and argue that Kant offers more analytic tools for understanding the social and economic role of domestic labour than does Marx. While domestic labour becomes visible to Marx only as it is outsourced, Kant develops a clear account of the specific rules governing domestic labour in the emerging bourgeois household. Because of his commitment to the domestic realm as a core feature of the just state, however, much of Kant’s account of domestic labour should be challenged by contemporary Kantian feminists.

Type
Articles
Copyright
© Kantian Review 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Beiner, Ronald (2010) ‘Paradoxes in Kant’s Account of Citizenship’. In Gorana Ognjenovic (ed.) Responsibility in Context (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bramer, Marilea (2010) ‘The Importance of Personal Relationships in Kantian Moral Theory: A Reply to Care Ethics’. Hypatia, 25 (1), 121139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, Heather (2012) Marx on Gender and the Family. Chicago: Haymarket Books.Google Scholar
Cash, Mason (2002) ‘Distancing Kantian Ethics and Politics from Kant’s Views on Women’. Minerva: An Internet Journal of Philosophy, 6, 121.Google Scholar
Davis, Angela (1983) Women, Race, and Class. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
Ehrenreich, Barbara, and Ehrenreich, John (1979) ‘The Professional-Managerial Class’. In Pat Walker (ed.) Between Labour and Capital (Boston: Southend Press), pp. 549.Google Scholar
Engels, Friedrich (2010) The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Federici, Silvia (1975) Wages Against Housework. Bristol and London: Power of Women Collective and Falling Wall Press.Google Scholar
Ferguson, Ann (1979) ‘Women as a New Revolutionary Class in the US’. In Pat Walker (ed.) Between Labour and Capital (Boston: Southend Press), pp. 279309.Google Scholar
Folbre, Nancy (1982) ‘Exploitation Comes Home: A Critique of the Marxian Theory of Family Labour’. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 6 (4), 317329.Google Scholar
Gabriel, Mary (2011) Love and Capital. New York: Back Bay Books.Google Scholar
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1898) Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution. Boston: Small, Mayard & Co.Google Scholar
Hay, Carol (2013) Kantianism, Liberalism, and Feminism: Resisting Oppression. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hochschild, Arlie Russell (2000) ‘Global Care Chains and Emotional Surplus Value’. In Will Hutton and Anthony Giddens (eds) On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism (New York: Vintage Books), pp. 130146.Google Scholar
Jaggar, Alison (1983) Feminist Politics and Human Nature. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allenheld.Google Scholar
Kant, Immanuel (1996) The Metaphysics of Morals. Ed. and trans. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kant, Immanuel (2006) Kant: Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Ed. and trans. Robert Louden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kant, Immanuel (2007) ‘Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime’. Trans. Paul Guyer. In Robert Louden and Gunter Zoller (eds) Anthropology, History, and Education (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 18–62.Google Scholar
Kuhn, Manfred (2001) Kant: A Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Luxemburg, Rosa (1971) ‘Women’s Suffrage and Class Struggle’. In Dick Howard (ed.) Selected Political Writings of Rosa Luxemburg (New York: Monthly Review Press), pp. 216222.Google Scholar
Maliks, Reidar (2014) Kant’s Politics in Context. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl (1976) Capital, vol. 1. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl (2000) ‘The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844’. In Erich Fromm (ed.) Marx’s Concept of Man (New York: Continuum Books), pp. 78131.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich (1978a) ‘The Communist Manifesto’. In Robert Tucker (ed.) The Marx and Engels Reader (New York: Norton Books), pp. 469500.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl (1978b) ‘The German Ideology’. In Robert Tucker (ed.) The Marx and Engels Reader (New York: Norton Books), pp. 146202.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl (1978c) ‘The Gotha Programme’. In Robert Tucker (ed.) The Marx and Engels Reader (New York: Norton Books), pp. 525541.Google Scholar
Mendus, Susan (1992) ‘Kant: “An Honest But Narrow-Minded Bourgeois”’. In Howard Williams (ed.) Essays on Kant’s Political Philosophy (Chicago: Chicago University Press), pp. 166190.Google Scholar
Mohanty, Chandra Talpade (2003) Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
O’Neill, Onora (1989) Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant’s Practical Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
O’Neill, Onora (2000) Bounds of Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Pascoe, Jordan (2015) ‘Domestic Labour, Citizenship, and Exceptionalism: Rethinking Kant’s “Woman Problem”’. Journal of Social Philosophy, 46 (3), 340356.Google Scholar
Pascoe, Jordan ( forthcoming) ‘A Universal Estate? Why Kant’s Account of Marriage Speaks to the 21st Century Debate’. In Larry Krasnoff and Nuria Sanchez (eds) Kant’s Doctrine of Right in the Twenty First Century (London: University of Wales Press).Google Scholar
Sarvasy, Wendy, and Longo, Patrizia (2004) ‘The Globalization of Care’. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6 (3), 392415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schapiro, Tamar (1999) ‘What is a Child?’. Ethics, 109 (4), 715738.Google Scholar
Varden, Helga (2006) ‘Kant and Dependency Relations: Kant on the State’s Right to Redistribute Resources to Protect the Rights of Dependents’. Dialogue, 45 (2), 257284.Google Scholar
Varden, Helga (2007) ‘A Kantian Conception of Rightful Sexual Relations: Sex, (Gay) Marriage, and Prostitution’. Social Philosophy Today, 22, 199218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Varden, Helga (2012) ‘A Kantian Critique of the Care Tradition: Family Law and Systemic Justice’. Kantian Review, 17 (2), 327356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Varden, Helga (2015) ‘Kant and Women’. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 97(2) [online]: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/papq.12103/abstract [accessed July 2017].Google Scholar
Weinrib, Jacob (2008) ‘Kant on Citizenship and Universal Independence’. Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy, 33 (1), 125.Google Scholar
Williams, Howard (2006) ‘Liberty, Equality, and Independence: Core Concepts in Kant’s Political Philosophy’. In Graham Bird (ed.) A Companion to Kant (Chichester: Blackwell Books), pp. 364383.Google Scholar
Wilson, Holly (1998) ‘Kant’s Evolutionary Theory of Marriage’. In Jane Kneller and Sidney Axinn (eds) Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press), pp. 283306.Google Scholar
Wood, Allen (1998) ‘Kant’s Historical Materialism’. In Jane Kneller and Sidney Axinn (eds) Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press), pp. 1538.Google Scholar