Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-n9lxd Total loading time: 0.395 Render date: 2022-09-30T01:17:07.949Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Conservation management and termites: a case study from central Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 May 2022

Kolotchèlèma Simon Silué*
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d’Ecologie et de Développement Durable, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Nature (UFR-SN), Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire Station de Recherche en Ecologie du Parc National de la Comoé, 28 BP 847, Abidjan 28, Côte d’Ivoire Evolutionary Biology and Ecology, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 1, D-79104, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
N’golo Abdoulaye Koné
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d’Ecologie et de Développement Durable, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Nature (UFR-SN), Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire Station de Recherche en Ecologie du Parc National de la Comoé, 28 BP 847, Abidjan 28, Côte d’Ivoire
Souleymane Konaté
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d’Ecologie et de Développement Durable, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Nature (UFR-SN), Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
Yves Roisin
Affiliation:
Evolutionary Biology and Ecology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Roosevelt B -1050, Brussels, Belgium
Judith Korb*
Affiliation:
Evolutionary Biology and Ecology, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 1, D-79104, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
*
Author for correspondence: Kolotchèlèma Simon Silué and Judith Korb, Emails: silue.simon04@gmail.com; judith.korb@biologie.uni-freiburg.de
Author for correspondence: Kolotchèlèma Simon Silué and Judith Korb, Emails: silue.simon04@gmail.com; judith.korb@biologie.uni-freiburg.de

Abstract

Termites are essential components of tropical ecosystems, in which they provide fundamental ecosystem services, such as decomposition of dead plant material, fostering of soil mineralization and provisioning of new microhabitats. We investigated the termite communities of four habitats in two protected areas in West Africa, which differ in management effectiveness: the strictly protected Lamto Reserve (LR) and the Marahoué National Park (MNP), which suffers from anthropogenic disturbance despite its protection status. We tested the effect of disturbance on species composition, richness and abundance as well as on functional (feeding type) composition. The effect of disturbance was clearly visible in the termite communities. Compared to the LR, the MNP had less termite species overall and in all habitats except the shrub savannah. Also the abundance of termites was generally reduced and a decrease of soil feeders recorded. The latter is well-known to be sensitive to anthropogenic disturbance in forests. Comparing our results with other studies, we were able to identify suitable bioindicators of ecosystem health for West-African savannahs. Furthermore, we discuss the potential consequences of anthropogenic disturbance on ecosystem services provided by termites.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Alves, WF, Mota, A, Lima, DR, Bellezoni, R and Vasconcellos, A (2010) Termites as bioindicators of habitat quality in the Caatinga, Brazil: is there agreement between structural habitat variables and the sampled assemblages? Neotropical Entomology 40, 3946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ashton, LA, Griffiths, HM, Parr, CL, Evans, TA, Didham, RK, Hasan, F, Teh, YA, Tin, HS, Vairappan, CS and Eggleton, P (2019) Termites mitigate the effects of drought in tropical rainforest. Science 363, 174177.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Attignon, SE, Lachat, T, Sinsin, B, Nagel, P and Peveling, R (2005) Termite assemblages in West-African semi-deciduous forest and teak plantation. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 110, 318326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bandeira, AG, Vasconcellos, A, Silva, M and Constantino, R (2003) Effects of habitat disturbance on the termite fauna in a highland humid forest in the Caatinga Domain, Brazil. Sociobiology 42, 117127.Google Scholar
Benjamini, Y and Hochberg, Y (1995) Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B Methodology 57, 289300.Google Scholar
Bouillon, A and Mathot, G (1965) Quel est ce termite Africain? [What is this African termite?] Leopoldville: Université de Leopoldville, pp. 115.Google Scholar
Bourlière, F, Minner, E and Vuattoux, R (1974) Les grands mammifères de la région de Lamto, Cote d’Ivoire [The large mammals of the Lamto region, Cote d’Ivoire]. Mammalia 38, 383433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cao, Y, Williams, DD and Larsen, PD (2002) Comparison of ecological communities: the problem of sample representativeness. Ecological Monographs 72, 313318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapin, FS, Matson, PA and Mooney, H (2002) Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collins, NM (1981) The role termites in the decomposition of wood and leaf litter in the southern Guinea Savannah of Nigeria. Oecologia 51, 389399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
da Costa, RR, Hu, H, Li, H and Poulsen, M (2019) Symbiotic plant biomass decomposition in fungus-growing termites. Insects 10, 87.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davies, RG (2002) Feeding group responses of Neotropical termite assemblage to rain forest fragmentation. Oecologia 133, 233242.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davies, RG, Hernández, LM, Eggleton, P, Didham, R, Fagan, L and Winchester, N (2003) Environmental and spatial influences upon species composition of a termite assemblage across neotropical forest islands. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19, 509524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dosso, K, Deligne, J, Yéo, K, Konaté, S and Linsenmair, KE (2013) Changes in the termite assemblage across a sequence of land-use systems in the rural area around Lamto Reserve in central Cote d’Ivoire. Journal of Insect Conservation 17, 10471057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dosso, K, Konaté, S, Aïdara, D and Linsenmair, KE (2010) Termite diversity and abundance across fire-induced habitat variability in a tropical moist savannah (Lamto, central Côte d’Ivoire). Journal of Tropical Ecology 26, 323334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dosso, K, Yéo, K, Konaté, S and Linsenmair, KE (2012) Importance of protected areas for biodiversity conservation in central Côte d’Ivoire: comparison of termite assemblages between two neighbouring areas under differing levels of disturbance. Journal of Insect Science 12, 131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eggleton, P, Bignell, DE, Hauser, S, Dibog, L, Norgrove, L and Madong, B (2002) termite diversity is a cross ananthropogenic disturbance gradient in humid forest zone of West Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 90, 189202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eggleton, P, Bignell, DE, Sands, WA, Mawdsley, NS, Lawton, JH, Wood, TG and Bignell, NC (1996) The diversity, abundance and biomass of termites under differing levels of disturbance in the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve, Southern Cameroon. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 351, 5168.Google Scholar
Eggleton, P, Bignell, DE, Sands, WA, Waite, B, Wood, TG and Lawton, JH (1995) The species richness of termites (Isoptera) under differing levels of forest disturbance in the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve, southern Cameroon. Journal of Tropical Ecology 11, 8598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, TA, Dawes, TZ, Ward, PR and Lo, N (2011) Ants and termites increase crop yield in a dry climate. Nature Communications 2, 262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fatondji, D, Martius, C, Zougmore, R, Vlek, PLG, Bielders, CL and Koala, S (2009) Decomposition of organic amendment and nutrient release under the Zai technique in the Sahel. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 85, 225239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gnahoré, E, Missa, K, Koné, M, Gueulou, N and Bakayoko, A (2018) Dynamique et structure de la flore de la Savane Protégée des Feux dans la Réserve Scientifique de Lamto (Centre de la Côte d’Ivoire) [Dynamic and structure of the flora in the protected savannah against bush fires in the Scientific Reserve of Lamto (Central Côte d’Ivoire)]. European Scientific Journal 14, 18577881.Google Scholar
Hausberger, B, Kimpel, D, Van, NA and Korb, J (2011) Uncovering cryptic species diversity of a community in a West African Savannah. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61, 964969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hausberger, B and Korb, J (2015) A phylogenetic community approach for studying termite communities in a West African savannah. Biology Letters 11, 20150625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hausberger, B and Korb, J (2016) The impact of anthropogenic disturbance on assembly patterns of termite communities. Biotropica 48, 356364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holt, J A and Lepage, M (2000) Termites and soil properties. In Abe, T, Bignell, DE and Higashi, M (eds), Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbiosis, Ecology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 389407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, DT and Eggleton, P (2000) Sampling termite assemblages in tropical forests: testing a rapid biodiversity assessment protocol. Journal of Applied Ecology 37, 191203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, DT, Susilo, FX, Bignell, DE, Hardiwinoto, S, Gillison, AN and Eggleton, P (2003) termite assemblage collapse along a land-use intensification gradient in lowland central Sumatra, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ecology 40, 380391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Josens, G (1972) Etudes biologiques et écologiques des termites (Isoptera) de la savane de Lamto [Biological and ecological studies of the termites (Isoptera) in Lamto savannah]. Thèse de doctorat de l’Université Libre de Bruxelles, pp. 262.Google Scholar
Konaté, S (1998) Structure dynamique et rôle des buttes termitiques dans le fonctionnement d’une savane préforestière (Lamto, Côte d’Ivoire): le termite champignonniste Odontotermes comme ingénieur de l’écosystème [Dynamic structure and role of the termite mounds in the functioning of a pre-forest savannah (Lamto, Côte d’Ivoire): Odontotermes fungus-growing termite as an ecosystem engineer]. Thèse de doctorat de l’Université Paris 6, pp. 252.Google Scholar
Konaté, S and Touao, MT (2010) La réserve de Lamto [The Lamto reserve]. In Konaté, S and Kampmann, D (eds), Biodiversity Atlas of West Africa, Volume iii: Côte d’Ivoire. Pliezhausen, Germany: Abidjan & Frankfurt/main, Druckerei Grammlich, pp. 296302.Google Scholar
Koné, NA, Silué, KS, Konaté, S and Linsenmair, KE (2018) Determinants of termite assemblages’ characteristics within natural habitats of a Sudano-Guinean Savanna (Comoé National Park, Côte d’Ivoire). Insects 9, 189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Korb, J (2022) Fungus-growing termites: an eco-evolutionary perspective. In Schultz, TR, Peregrine, P and Gawne, R (eds), The Convergent Evolution of Agriculture in Humans and Insects. Harvard: MIT Press, pp. 89104.Google Scholar
Korb, J, Kasseney, BD, Cakpo, YT, Casalla Daza, RH, Gbenyedji, JN, Ilboudo, ME, Josens, G, Koné, NA, Meusemann, K, Ndiaye, AB, Okweche, SI, Poulsen, M, Roisin, Y and Sankara, F (2019) Termite taxonomy, challenges and prospects: West Africa, a case example. Insects 10, 32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Korb, J, Silué, SK and Koné, NA (2020) Can differences in symbiont transmission mode explain the abundance and distribution of fungus-growing termites in West Africa? Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8, 600318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavelle, P, Bignell, D, Lepage, M, Wolters, V, Roger, P, Ineson, P, Heal, OW and Dhillion, S (1997) Soil function in changing world: the role of invertebrate ecosystem engineers. European Journal of Soil Biology 33, 159193.Google Scholar
Muvengwi, J, Mbibal, M, Ndagurwa, GT, Nyamadzawo, G and Nhokovedzo, P (2017) Termite diversity along a land use intensification gradient in a semi-arid savanna. Journal of Insect Conservation 21, 801812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
N’da, D H, Adou, YCY, N’guéssan, KE, Koné, M and Sagné, YC (2008) Analyse de la diversité floristique du parc national de la Marahoué, Centre-Ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire [Analysis of the floristic diversity in the Marahoué National Park, Central-Western Côte d’Ivoire]. Afrique SCIENCE 04, 552579.Google Scholar
Nash, MH and Whitford, WG (1995) Subterranean termites: regulators of soil organic matter in the Chihuahuan Desert. Biology and Fertility of Soils 19, 1518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nobré, TC, Lefèvre, R, and Aanen, DK (2011) Comparative biology of fungus cultivation in termites and ants. In Bignell, DE, Roisin, Y and Lo, N (eds), Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 193210.Google Scholar
Pribadi, T, Raffiudin, R and Harahap, S (2011) Termites community as environmental bioindicators in highlands: a case study in eastern slopes of Mount Slamet, Central Java. Biodiversitas 12, 235240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pringle, RM, Doak, DF, Brody, AK, Jocque, R, Palmer, TM (2010) Spatial pattern enhances ecosystem functioning in an African Savanna. PLoS Biol 8, e1000377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
R Core Team (2016) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Australia: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.Google Scholar
Sands, WA (1998) The Identification of Worker Castes of Termite Genera from Soils of Africa and the Middle East. Wallingford, UK: CAB International UK, pp. 512.Google Scholar
Schulenberg, TS, Short, CA and Steohenson, PJ (1999) A biological assessment of Parc National de la Marahoué, Cote d’Ivoire. RAP Working Papers 13. Washington: Conservation International, pp. 1109.Google Scholar
Schyra, J, Gbenyedji, JN and Korb, J (2019a) A comparison of termite assemblages from West African savannah and forest ecosystems using morphological and molecular markers. PLoS ONE 14, e0216986.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schyra, J and Korb, J (2019) Termite communities along a disturbance gradient in a West African savanna. Insects 14, 1017.Google Scholar
Schyra, J, Scheu, S and Korb, J (2019b) Cryptic niche differentiation in West African savannah termites as indicated by stable isotopes. Ecological Entomology 44, 190196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Huis, A (2017) Cultural significance of termites in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine 13, 8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vanacker, V, Bellin, N, Molina, A and Kubik, PW (2014) Erosion regulation as a function of human disturbances to vegetation cover: a conceptual model. Landscape Ecology 29, 293309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vasconcellos, A, Adelmar, GB, Flavia, MS M, Virgınia, FP, Maria Avany, B, and Reginaldo, C (2009) Termite assemblages in three habitats under different disturbance regimes in the semi-arid Caatinga of NE Brazil. Journal of Arid Environments 74, 298302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webb, GC (1961) Keys of the Genera of the African Termites. Ibadan: University Press, Ibadan, pp. 35.Google Scholar
Whitford, WG (1991) Subterranean termites and long-term productivity of desert rangelands. Sociobiology 19, 235243.Google Scholar
Wood, TG and Sands, WA (1978) The role of termites in ecosystems. In Brian, MV (ed), Production Ecology of Ants and Termites. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 245292.Google Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Silué et al. supplementary material

Figure S1

Download Silué et al. supplementary material(File)
File 3 MB
Supplementary material: File

Silué et al. supplementary material

Table S1

Download Silué et al. supplementary material(File)
File 20 KB
Supplementary material: File

Silué et al. supplementary material

Figure S2

Download Silué et al. supplementary material(File)
File 2 MB

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Conservation management and termites: a case study from central Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Conservation management and termites: a case study from central Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Conservation management and termites: a case study from central Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *