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COMPARISON OF INTEGRAL STRUCTURES ON SPACES OF MODULAR FORMS OF WEIGHT TWO, AND COMPUTATION OF SPACES OF FORMS MOD 2 OF WEIGHT ONE. WITH APPENDICES BY JEAN-FRANÇOIS MESTRE AND GABOR WIESE

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2005

Bas Edixhoven
Affiliation:
Mathematisch Instituut, Universiteit Leiden, Postbus 9512, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands (edix@math.leidenuniv.nl)

Abstract

Two integral structures on the $\mathbb{Q}$-vector space of modular forms of weight two on $X_0(N)$ are compared at primes $p$ dividing $N$ at most once. When $p=2$ and $N$ is divisible by a prime that is $3$ mod $4$, this comparison leads to an algorithm for computing the space of weight one forms mod $2$ on $X_0(N/2)$. For $p$ arbitrary and $N>4$ prime to $p$, a way to compute the Hecke algebra of mod $p$ modular forms of weight one on $\varGamma_1(N)$ is presented, using forms of weight $p$, and, for $p=2$, parabolic group cohomology with mod $2$ coefficients. Appendix A is a letter of October 1987 from Mestre to Serre in which he reports on computations of weight one forms mod $2$ of prime level. Appendix B, by Wiese, reports on an implementation for $p=2$ in Magma, using Stein’s modular symbols package, with which Mestre’s computations are redone and slightly extended.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2005 Cambridge University Press

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