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Species identification in Megantereon: A reply to Palmqvist

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2015

Lars Werdelin
Affiliation:
Department of Palaeozoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, S-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden, <werdelin@nrm.se>
Margaret E. Lewis
Affiliation:
Biology Program, Faculty of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, PO Box 195, Pomona, New Jersey 08240 <lewism@pollux.stockton.edu>
Corresponding

Extract

Palmqvist (2002) has criticized our attribution of the mandibular ramus of Megantereon from South Turkwel, Turkana Basin, Kenya, to a new species, M. ekidoit (Werdelin and Lewis, 2000), suggesting instead that it “unequivocally” belongs to the African species M. whitei. We believe that this criticism stems from a misunderstanding of our statements and from an erroneous view of variability within Megantereon. In this reply we shall address Palmqvist's criticisms, showing that M. ekidoit is not synonymous with M. whitei, and also that the specific attribution of various Megantereon specimens is not as clear cut as Palmqvist (2002; Martinez Navarro and Palmqvist, 1995, 1996) believes.

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References

Ewer, R. F. 1955. The fossil carnivores of the Transvaal caves: Machairodontinae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 125:587615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Martínez navarro, B., and Palmqvist, P. 1996. Presence of the African saber-toothed felid Megantereon whitei (Broom, 1937) (Mammalia, Carnivora, Machairodontinae) in Apollonia-1 (Mygdonia Basin, Macedonia, Greece). Journal of Archaeological Science, 23:869872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Turner, A. 1987. Megantereon cultridens (Cuvier) (Mammalia, Felidae, Machairodontinae) from Plio-Pleistocene deposits in Africa and Eurasia, with comments on dispersal and the possibility of a New World origin. Journal of Paleontology, 61:12561268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vekua, A. 1995. Die Wirbeltierfauna des Villafranchium von Dmanisi und ihre biostratigraphische Bedeutung. Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz, 42:77180.Google Scholar
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