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Macrurous Decapoda from the Luoping Biota (Middle Triassic) of China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 May 2016

Rodney M. Feldmann
Department of Geology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA,
Carrie E. Schweitzer
Department of Geology, Kent State University at Stark, 6000 Frank Avenue NW, North Canton, OH 44720, USA,
Shixue Hu
Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610081, China,
Qiyue Zhang
Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610081, China,
Changyoing Zhou
Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610081, China,
Tao Xie
Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610081, China,
Jinyuan Huang
Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610081, China,
Wen Wen
Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610081, China,


A large collection of macrurous decapod crustaceans is recorded from the middle–late Anisian (Middle Triassic) Guanling Formation in Yunnan Province, China. A remarkable assemblage of over 20,000 vertebrate, invertebrate, and plant fossils collectively referred to as the Luoping Biota has been collected from quarries in the vicinity of the city of Luoping. Among these, arthropods including the decapods are the most common element although articulated fish and reptiles are also common. The decapods represent new taxa, including Koryncheiros luopingensis n. gen. n. sp. within Clytiopsidae, a newly elevated family within Erymoidea; Tridactylastacus sinensis n. gen. n. sp. within Glypheidae; and Yunnanopalinura schrami n. gen. n. sp. within Palinuridae. A single specimen has been referred to Palinuridae sp. Koryncheiros luopingensis exhibits a unique cheliped architecture and the second through fourth chelipeds are subchelate, an extremely rare configuration. Tridactylastacus sinensis also exhibits subchelate closures of pereiopods 2–4, but it bears a distinctive subchelate first pereiopod with an intercalated spine between the fingers on the distal margin of the propodus. Yunnanopalinura schrami represents the oldest occurrence of Palinuridae and Achelata. Collectively, these expand our knowledge of Chinese decapods significantly in that only six species of fossil decapods have been described previously from the country.

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Copyright © The Paleontological Society 

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