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The apparatus of the Carboniferous conodont Vogelgnathus simplicatus and the early evolution of the genus

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2018

Javier Sanz-López
Departamento de Geología, Facultad de Geología, c/ Jesús Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain 〈〉, 〈〉
Silvia Blanco-Ferrera
Departamento de Geología, Facultad de Geología, c/ Jesús Arias de Velasco s/n, 33005 Oviedo, Spain 〈〉, 〈〉
C. Giles Miller
Department of Earth Science, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK 〈〉


The apparatus of Vogelgnathus simplicatus (Rhodes, Austin, and Druce, 1969) is reconstructed from discrete elements from a sample of limited diversity from the Limerick Province (Ireland). The apparatus is typical of the order Ozarkodinida and the P1 element was previously placed within Gnathodus. Here we assign it to Vogelgnathus by applying a multielemental concept rather than using P1 element morphology. The holotype and paratypes are re-illustrated and the species distribution revised based on published data. Vogelgnathus simplicatus ranges from the late Tournaisian to the early Viséan (Mississippian, Carboniferous), with common occurrences relating to the growth of Waulsortian bank complexes in a high-stand sea-level along the southern and western margins of the Laurussian landmass (Belgium, the British Isles, the Republic of Ireland, and USA). Vogelgnathus simplicatus appears to represent the rootstock from which deep-water and shallow-water Viséan species of Vogelgnathus evolved in the Mississippian.

Copyright © 2018, The Paleontological Society 

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