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Synthesis, composition optimization, and tunable red emission of CaAlSiN3:Eu2+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 May 2015

Shu-Xing Li
Affiliation:
The State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China; and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Xue-Jian Liu*
Affiliation:
The State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
Jia-Qing Liu
Affiliation:
Engineering Research Center for Nanophotonics and Advanced Instrument, Ministry of Education, Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Huili Li
Affiliation:
Engineering Research Center for Nanophotonics and Advanced Instrument, Ministry of Education, Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Ri-Hua Mao
Affiliation:
Analysis and Testing Center for Inorganic Materials, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
Zheng-Ren Huang
Affiliation:
The State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
Rong-Jun Xie*
Affiliation:
Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Namiki 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan
*
a) Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: xjliu@mail.sic.ac.cn
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Abstract

Ca0.98Eu0.02Al1−4δ/3Si1+δN3 (δ = 0–0.36) red-emitting phosphors were prepared by carbothermal reduction and nitridation method with stable and inexpensive CaCO3 as Ca source. Optimal nominal composition was obtained at δ = 0.18, showing intense emission peaked at 625 nm and high external quantum efficiency of 71%. The emission wave length could be successfully tuned from 630 to 606 nm with increasing δ value. Ca0.98Eu0.02Al1−4δ/3Si1+δN3 phosphors provided two coordinated environments for Eu2+ ions, resulting in two fitted Gaussian peaks. Energy transfer from Eu2+ sites in Si-rich environments to those in Si/Al-equivalent modes has been confirmed by analysis of the decay curve of each peak. The decay behaviors suggested that energy transfer effect slowed with higher δ value. Finally, warm white light was created by combining as-prepared red-emitting Ca0.98Eu0.02Al0.76Si1.18N3 and yellow-emitting YAG:Ce3+ phosphors with a blue-emitting chip, exhibiting a color rendering index R a of 91 at a low correlated color temperature of 3500 K with a luminous efficiency of 79 lm/W.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

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Synthesis, composition optimization, and tunable red emission of CaAlSiN3:Eu2+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes
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