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Stability of fullerenes under hydrothermal conditions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Wojciech L. Suchanek
Affiliation:
Center for Materials Design, Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503 Japan
Masahiro Yoshimura
Affiliation:
Center for Materials Design, Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503 Japan
Yury G. Gogotsi
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, M/C 251, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607-7022
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Abstract

Stability of fullerenes C60 under hydrothermal conditions (200–800 °C, 100 MPa, 20 min–168 h) has been investigated. The reaction products have been characterized by Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. The fullerenes were stable up to 500 °C, but they decomposed immediately at 800 ±C into amorphous carbon. In the transition region between 600 and 750 °C, longer times and higher temperatures of the hydrothermal treatment favored decomposition of C60 with the formation of amorphous carbon. Addition of nickel to the C60–H2OO system neither suppressed hydrothermal decomposition of C60 nor induced formation of other phases, except of the amorphous carbon.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 1999

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