Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-mdtzd Total loading time: 0.314 Render date: 2021-10-16T19:26:06.043Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Predicting macroscopic plastic flow of high-performance, dual-phase steel through spherical nanoindentation on each microphase

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Byoung-Wook Choi
Affiliation:
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea
Dong-Han Seo
Affiliation:
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea
Jang-Yong Yoo
Affiliation:
Technical Research Laboratories, POSCO, Pohang 790-785, Korea
Jae-il Jang*
Affiliation:
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea
*
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: jijang@hanyang.ac.kr
Get access

Abstract

An attempt was made to predict the macroscopic plastic flow of a high-performance pipeline steel, consisting of dual constituent phases (soft ferrite and hard bainite), by performing nanoindentation experiments on each microphase with two spherical indenters that have different radii (550 nm and 3.3 μm). The procedure is based on the well known concepts of indentation stress-strain and constraint factor, which make it possible to relate indentation hardness to the plastic flow of the phases. Additional consideration of the indentation size effect for sphere and application of a simple “rule-of-mixture” led us to a reasonably successful estimation of the macroscopic plastic flow of the steel from the microphases properties, which was verified by comparing the predicted stress-strain curve with that directly measured from the conventional tensile test of a bulky sample.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1.Sanderson, N., Ohm, R.K., and Jacobs, M.: Study of X100 linepipe costs point to potential saving. Oil Gas J. 97, 54 (1999).Google Scholar
2.Glover, A., Zhou, J., Horsley, D., Suzuki, N., Endo, S., and Takehara, J.: Design, application and installation of an X100 pipeline, in Proceeding of OMAE 2003 (22nd International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Cancun, Mexico, 2003), Art. No. OMAE2003–37429.Google Scholar
3.Ishikawa, N., Okatsu, M., Endo, S., and Kondo, J.: Design concept and production of high deformability linepipe, in Proceeding of IPC 2006 (6th International Pipeline Conference, Calgary, Canada, 2006), Art. No. IPC2006–10240.Google Scholar
4.Ishikawa, N., Endo, S., and Kondo, J.: High performance UOE linepipes. JFE Technical Report 7, 20 (2006).Google Scholar
5.Seo, D-H., Kim, C-M., Yoo, J-Y., and Kang, K-B.: Microstructure and mechanical properties of X80/X100 grade plate and pipes, in Proceeding of ISOPE 2007 (7th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 2007), p. 3301.Google Scholar
6.Suzuki, N. and Toyoda, M.: Critical compressive strain of linepipes related to workhardening parameters, in Proceeding of OMAE 2002 (21st International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Oslo, Norway, 2002), Art. No. OMAE2003–28253.Google Scholar
7.Suzuki, N., Muraoka, R., Glover, A., Zhou, J., and Toyoda, M.: Local buckling behavior of X100 linepipes, in Proceeding of OMAE 2003 (22nd International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Cancun, Mexico, 2003), Art. No. OMAE2003–37145.Google Scholar
8.Endo, S. and Nagae, M.: Ferrite-martensite dual phase anti-erosion steel. ISIJ Int. 36, 95 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9.Hüper, T., Endo, S., Ishikawa, N., and Osawa, K.: Effect of volume fraction of constituent phase on the stress-strain relationship of dual phase steels. ISIJ Int. 39, 288 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10.Tomota, Y. and Tamura, I.: Mechanical behavior of steels consisting of two ductile phases. Trans. ISIJ 22, 665 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11.Tomota, Y., Umemoto, M., Komatsubara, N., Hiramatsu, A., Nakajima, N., Moriya, A., Watanabe, T., Nanba, S., Anan, G., Kunishige, K., Higo, Y., and Miyahara, M.: Prediction of mechanical properties of multi-phase steels based on stress-strain curve. ISIJ Int. 32, 343 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12.Rudiono, and Tomota, Y.: Application of the secant method to prediction of flow curves in multi-microstructure steels. Acta Mater. 45, 1923 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13.Jacques, P.J., Ladriere, J., and Delannay, F.: On the influence of interactions between phases on the mechanical stability of retained austenite in transformation-induce plasticity multiphase steels. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 32, 2759 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14.Jacques, P.J., Furnémont, Q., Lani, F., Pardoen, T., and Delannay, F.: Multiscale mechanics of TRIP-assisted multiphase steels: I. Characterization and mechanical testing. Acta Mater. 55, 3681 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15.Lani, F., Furnémont, Q., Van Rompaey, T., Delannay, F., Jacques, P.J., and Pardoen, T.: Multiscale mechanics of TRIP-assisted multiphase steels: II. Micromechanical modeling. Acta Mater. 55, 3695 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16.Oliver, W.C. and Pharr, G.M.: An improved technique for determining hardness and elastic modulus using load and displacement sensing indentation experiments. J. Mater. Res. 7, 1564 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17.Oliver, W.C. and Pharr, G.M.: Measurement of hardness and elastic modulus by instrumented indentation: Advances in understanding and refinements to methodology. J. Mater. Res. 19, 3 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18.Cheng, Y-T. and Cheng, C-M.: Scaling, dimensional analysis, and indentation measurements. Mater. Sci. Eng., R 44, 91 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
19.Randall, N.X., Julia-Schmutz, C., Soro, J.M., von Stebut, J., and Zacharie, G.: Novel nanoindentation method for characterising multiphase materials. Thin Solid Films 308–309, 297 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
20.Göken, M. and Kempf, M.: Microstructural properties of superalloys investigated by nanoindentations in an atomic force microscope. Acta Mater. 47, 1043 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
21.Choi, Y., Choo, W.Y., and Kwon, D.: Analysis of mechanical property distribution in multiphase ultra-fine-grained steels by nanoindentation. Scr. Mater. 45, 1401 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22.Furnémont, Q., Kempf, M., Jacques, P.J., Göken, M., and Delannay, F.: On the measurement of the nanohardness of the constitutive phases of TRIP-assisted multiphase steels. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 328, 26 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
23.Viswanathan, G.B., Lee, E., Maher, D.M., Banerjee, S., and Fraser, H.L.: Direct observation and analyses of dislocation substructures in the α phase of an α/β Ti-alloy formed by nanoindentation. Acta Mater. 53, 5101 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
24.Delincé, M., Jacques, P.J., and Pardoen, T.: Separation of size-dependent strengthening contribution in fine-grained Dual Phase steels by nanoindentation. Acta Mater. 54, 3395 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
25.Tabor, D.: Hardness of Metals (Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1951).Google Scholar
26.Johnson, K.L.: Contact Mechanics (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
27.Field, J.S. and Swain, M.V.: A simple predictive model for spherical indentation., J. Mater. Res. 8, 297 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
28.Swadener, J.G., Taljat, B., and Pharr, G.M.: Measurement of residual stress by load and depth-sensing indentation with spherical indenters. J. Mater. Res. 16, 2091 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
29.Atkins, A.G. and Tabor, D.: Plastic indentation in metals with cones. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 13, 149 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
30.Milman, Y.V., Galanov, B.A., and Chugunova, S.I.: Plasticity characteristic obtained through hardness measurement. Acta Metall. Mater. 41, 2523 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
31.Jayaraman, S., Hahn, G.T., Oliver, W.C., Rubin, C.A., and Bastias, P.C.: Determination of monotonic stress-strain curve of hard materials from ultra-low-load indentation tests. Int. J. Solids Struct. 35, 365 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
32.Shim, S., Jang, J-I., and Pharr, G.M.: Extraction of flow properties of single-crystal silicon carbide by nanoindentation and finite element simulation. Acta Mater. 56, 3823 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
33.Hertz, H.: Miscellaneous Papers, edited by Jones, D.E. and Schott, G.H. (Macmillan, London, 1896).Google Scholar
34.Herbert, E.G., Oliver, W.C., and Pharr, G.M.: On the measurement of yield strength by spherical indentation. Philos. Mag. 86, 5521 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
35.Jang, J-I., Choi, Y., Lee, J-S., Lee, Y-H., Kwon, D., Gao, M., and Kania, R.: Application of instrumented indentation technique for enhanced fitness-for-service assessment of pipeline crack. Int. J. Fract. 131, 15 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
36.Cao, Y.P. and Lu, J.: A new method to extract the plastic properties of metal materials from an instrumented spherical indentation loading curve. Acta Mater. 52, 4023 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
37.Sreeranganathan, A., Gokhale, A., and Tamirisakandala, S.: Determination of local constitutive properties of titanium alloy matrix in boron-modified titanium alloys using spherical indentation. Scr. Mater. 58, 114 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
38.Swadener, J.G., George, E.P., and Pharr, G.M.: The correlation of the indentation size effect measured with indenters of various shapes. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 50, 681 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
39.Lim, Y.Y. and Chaudhri, M.M.: The effect of the indenter load on the nanohardness of ductile metals: An experimental study on polycrystalline work-hardened and annealed oxygen-free copper. Philos. Mag. 79, 2979 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
40.Spary, I.J., Bushby, A.J., and Jennett, N.M.: On the indentation size effect in spherical indentation. Philos. Mag. 86, 5581 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
41.Durst, K., Göken, M., and Pharr, G.M.: Indentation size effect in spherical and pyramidal indentations. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 074005 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
42.Johnson, K.L.: The correlation of indentation experiments. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 18, 115 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
43.Zhu, T.T., Bushby, A.J., and Dunstan, D.J.: Size effect in the initiation of plasticity for ceramics in nanoindentation. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 56, 1170 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
44.Zhu, T.T., Hou, X.D., Bushby, A.J., and DDunstan, J.: Indentation size effect at the initiation of plasticity for ceramics and metals. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 074004 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
45.Swift, H.W.: Plastic instability under physics of solids. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 1, 1 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
46.Hollomon, J.H.: Tensile deformation. Trans. AIME 162, 268 (1945).Google Scholar
47.Kim, Y.M., Kim, S.K., YLim, J., and Kim, N.J.: Effect of microstructure on the yield ratio and low temperature toughness of linepipe steels. ISIJ Int. 42, 1571 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
48.Kim, S.K., Kim, Y.M., Lim, Y.J., and Kim, N.J.: Relationship between yield ratio and the material constant of the swift equation. Met. Mater. Int. 12, 131 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
49.Nix, W.D. and Gao, H.: Indentation size effects in crystalline materials: A law for strain gradient plasticity. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 46, 411 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
50.Jang, J-I., Shim, S., Komazaki, S., and Honda, T.: A nanoindentation study on grain-boundary contributions to strengthening and aging degradation mechanisms in advanced 12 Cr ferritic steel. J. Mater. Res. 22, 175 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Predicting macroscopic plastic flow of high-performance, dual-phase steel through spherical nanoindentation on each microphase
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Predicting macroscopic plastic flow of high-performance, dual-phase steel through spherical nanoindentation on each microphase
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Predicting macroscopic plastic flow of high-performance, dual-phase steel through spherical nanoindentation on each microphase
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *