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Optimizing the interface bonding in Cu matrix composites by using functionalized carbon nanotubes and cold rolling

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 July 2019

Guijun Liu
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Jingmei Tao*
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Fengxian Li
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Rui Bao
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Yichun Liu
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Caiju Li
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Jianhong Yi*
Affiliation:
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
*Corresponding
a)Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: kiwimaya@126.com
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Abstract

Nonuniform dispersion and weak interfacial bonding between carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and Cu matrix are two critical issues for achieving high strength and good ductility of CNT/Cu composites. Here, acid-treated CNTs precoated with Ni coatings were used to enhance the dispersion uniformity of CNTs and interfacial bonding between CNTs and Cu matrix in the CNT/Cu composites fabricated through spark plasma sintering and subsequently cold rolling. Scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed the homogeneous dispersion of Ni-coated CNTs (Ni-CNTs) in the composite compared with uncoated CNTs. Transmission electron microscope observation indicated that Cu2O nanoparticles were in situ formed at the interface in Ni-CNT/Cu composite, where CNTs were uncovered by Ni coatings. After rolling, the distribution of Ni-CNTs transformed into ribbons aligning along the rolling direction. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 261 MPa was achieved in rolled 1 vol% Ni-CNT/Cu composite, which was 24.3% higher than that before rolling. The UTS of 2 vol% Ni-CNT/Cu composite obviously decreased, which could be attributed to the agglomeration of Ni-CNTs in the Cu matrix due to the increased volume content.

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Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2019 

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