Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-zlj4b Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-21T09:20:04.367Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

A large scale of CuS nano-networks: Catalyst-free morphologically controllable growth and their application as efficient photocatalysts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 December 2015

Jingwen Qian
Affiliation:
School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China; and State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, and School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, People's Republic of China
Zengying Zhao
Affiliation:
School of Science, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China
Zhenguang Shen
Affiliation:
School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China; and State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, and School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, People's Republic of China
Guoliang Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China
Zhijian Peng*
Affiliation:
School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China
Xiuli Fu*
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, and School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, People's Republic of China
*
a) Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: pengzhijian@cugb.edu.cn
b) e-mail: xiulifu@bupt.edu.cn
Get access

Abstract

Morphologically controllable copper sulfide (CuS) nanoneedle, nanowall, and nanosheet networks on copper substrates have been fabricated by a simple, facile, and fast method based on low-temperature chemical vapor deposition through simply adjusting the reaction conditions such as the temperature and flow rate of argon gas. The compositional and structural analyses indicated that all the obtained nano-networks were single-crystalline. And their growths were possibly controlled by a solid–liquid–solid mechanism. The photocatalytic activities of the different shaped CuS nanostructures have been evaluated by their photodegradation on rhodamine B and methylene blue in aqueous phase, which revealed that in both cases the CuS nanoneedles nano-network exhibited better performance than the other two nanostructures.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Xiaobo Chen

References

REFERENCES

Cheng, Z.G., Wang, S.Z., Wang, Q., and Geng, B.Y.: A facile solution chemical route to self-assembly of CuS ball-flowers and their application as an efficient photocatalyst. CrystEngComm 12, 144 (2010).Google Scholar
Huang, Y.F., Xiao, H.N., Chen, S.G., and Wang, C.: Preparation and characterization of CuS hollow spheres. Ceram. Int. 35, 905 (2009).Google Scholar
Feng, X.P., Li, Y.X., Liu, H.B., Li, Y.L., Cui, S., Wang, N., Jiang, L., Liu, X.F., and Yuan, M.J.: Controlled growth and field emission properties of CuS nanowalls. Nanotechnology 18, 145706 (2007).Google Scholar
Chung, L.S. and Sohn, H.J.: Electrochemical behaviors of CuS as a cathode material for lithium secondary batteries. J. Power Sources 108, 226 (2002).Google Scholar
He, Y.J., Yu, X.Y., and Zhao, X.L.: Synthesis of hollow CuS nanostructured microspheres with novel surface morphologies. Mater. Lett. 61, 3014 (2007).Google Scholar
Zhang, Y.C., Hu, X.Y., and Tao, Q.A.: Shape-controlled synthesis of CuS nanocrystallites via a facile hydrothermal route. Solid State Commun. 132, 779 (2004).Google Scholar
Lakshmanan, S.B., Zou, X.J., Hossu, M., Ma, L., Yang, C., and Chen, W.: Local field enhanced Au/CuS nanocomposites as efficient photothermal transducer agents for cancer treatment. J. Biomed. Nanotechnol. 8, 883 (2012).Google Scholar
Deng, C.H., Ge, X.Q., Hu, H.M., Yao, L., Han, C.L., and Zhao, D.F.: Template-free and green sonochemical synthesis of hierarchically structured CuS hollow microspheres displaying excellent fenton-like catalytic activities. CrystEngComm 16, 2738 (2014).Google Scholar
Ding, T.Y., Wang, M.S., Guo, S.P., Guo, G.C., and Huang, J.S.: CuS nanoflowers prepared by a polyol route and their photocatalytic property. Mater. Lett. 62, 4529 (2008).Google Scholar
Huang, J.R., Wang, Y.Y., Gu, C.P., and Zhai, M.H.: Large scale synthesis of uniform CuS nanotubes by a sacrificial templating method and their application as an efficient photocatalyst. Mater. Lett. 99, 31 (2013).Google Scholar
Basu, M., Sinha, A.K., Pradhan, M., Sarkar, S., Negishi, Y., Govind, , and Pal, T.: Evolution of hierarchical hexagonal stacked plates of CuS from liquid−liquid interface and its photocatalytic application for oxidative degradation of different dyes under indoor lighting. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 6313 (2010).Google Scholar
Tanveer, M., Cao, C.B., Ali, Z., Aslam, I., Idrees, F., Khan, W.S., But, F.K., Tahir, M., and Mahmood, N.: Template free synthesis of CuS nanosheet-based hierarchical microspheres: An efficient natural light driven photocatalyst. CrystEngComm 16, 5290 (2014).Google Scholar
Hosseinpour, Z., Alemi, A., Khandar, A.A., Zhao, X.J., and Xie, Y.: A controlled solvothermal synthesis of CuS hierarchical structures and their natural-light-induced photocatalytic properties. New J. Chem. 39, 5470 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tanveer, M., Cao, C.B., Aslam, I., Ali, Z., Idrees, F., Khan, W.S., Tahir, M., Khalid, S., Nabi, G., and Mahmood, A.: Synthesis of CuS flowers exhibiting versatile photo-catalyst response. New J. Chem. 39, 1459 (2015).Google Scholar
Yang, Z.K., Song, L.X., Teng, Y., and Xia, J.: Ethylenediamine-modulated synthesis of highly monodisperse copper sulfide microflowers with excellent photocatalytic performance. J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 20004 (2014).Google Scholar
Saranya, M., Ramachandran, R., Samuel, E.J.J., Jeong, S.K., and Grace, A.N.: Enhanced visible light photocatalytic reduction of organic pollutant and electrochemical properties of CuS catalyst. Powder Technol. 279, 209 (2015).Google Scholar
Larsen, T.H., Sigman, M., and Ghezelbash, A.: Solventless synthesis of copper sulfide nanorods by thermolysis of a single source thiolate-derived precursor. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 5638 (2003).Google Scholar
Mao, G.Z., Dong, W.F., Kurth, D.G., and Mohwald, H.: Synthesis of copper sulfide nanorod arrays on molecular templates. Nano Lett. 4, 249 (2004).Google Scholar
Tan, C.H., Zhu, Y.L., Lu, R., Xue, P.C., Bao, C.Y., Liu, X.L., Fei, Z.P., and Zhao, Y.Y.: Synthesis of copper sulfide nanotube in the hydrogel system. Mater. Chem. Phys. 91, 44 (2005).Google Scholar
Lu, Q.Y., Gao, F., and Zhao, D.Y.: One-step synthesis and assembly of copper sulfide nanoparticles to nanowires, nanotubes, and nanovesicles by a simple organic amine-assisted hydrothermal process. Nano Lett. 2, 725 (2002).Google Scholar
Chen, J., Deng, S.Z., Xu, N.S., Wang, S.H., Wen, X.G., Yang, S.H., Yang, C.L., Wang, J.N., and Ge, W.K.: Field emission from crystalline copper sulphide nanowire arrays. Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3620 (2002).Google Scholar
Wang, S.H. and Yang, S.H.: Surfactant-assisted growth of crystalline copper sulphide nanowire arrays. Chem. Phys. Lett. 322, 567 (2000).Google Scholar
Ji, H.M., Cao, J.M., Feng, J., Chang, X., Ma, X.J., Liu, J.S., and Zheng, M.B.: Fabrication of CuS nanocrystals with various morphologies in the presence of a nonionic surfactant. Mater. Lett. 59, 3169 (2005).Google Scholar
Zou, J., Zhang, J.X., Zhang, B.H., Zhao, P.T., and Huang, K.X.: Low-temperature synthesis of copper sulfide nano-crystals of novel morphologies by hydrothermal process. Mater. Lett. 61, 5029 (2007).Google Scholar
Lu, J., Zhao, Y., Chen, N., and Xie, Y.: A novel in situ template-controlled route to CuS nanorods via transition metal liquid crystals. Chem. Lett. 32, 30 (2003).Google Scholar
Liao, X.H., Chen, N.Y., Xu, S., Yang, S.B., and Zhu, J.J.: A microwave assisted heating method for the preparation of copper sulfide nanorods. J. Cryst. Growth 252, 593 (2003).Google Scholar
Lu, F., Cai, W.P., Zhang, Y.G., Li, Y., Sun, F.Q., Heo, S.H., and Cho, S.Q.: Fabrication and field-emission performance of Zinc sulfide nanobeltarrays. J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13385 (2007).Google Scholar
Ghodselahi, T., Vesaghi, M.A., Shafiekhani, A., Baghizadeh, A., and Lameii, M.: XPS study of the Cu@Cu2O core–shell nanoparticles. Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 2730 (2008).Google Scholar
Wang, K.J., Li, G.D., Li, J.X., Wang, Q., and Chen, J.S.: Formation of single-crystalline CuS nanoplates vertically standing on flat substrate. Cryst. Growth Des. 7, 2265 (2007).Google Scholar
Meng, Z.D., Zhu, L., Choi, J.G., Park, C.Y., and Oh, W.C.: Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic behavior of WO3-fullerene/TiO2 catalysts under visible light. Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 459 (2011).Google Scholar
Weng, L. and Hodgson, S.N.B.: Multicomponent tellurite thin film materials with high refractive index. Opt. Mater. 19, 313 (2002).Google Scholar
Senthilkumaar, S., Rajendran, K., Banerjee, S., Chini, T.K., and Sengodan, V.: Influence of Mn doping on the microstructure and optical property of ZnO. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 11, 6 (2008).Google Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Qian et al. supplementary material

Supplementary figures

Download Qian et al. supplementary material(File)
File 5 MB