Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-jjt9s Total loading time: 0.287 Render date: 2021-06-20T06:39:29.162Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Elastic strain effects on the catalytic response of Pt and Pd thin films deposited on Pd–Zr metallic glass

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 May 2017

Yiyi Yang
Affiliation:
School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence 02912, Rhode Island, USA
K. Sharvan Kumar
Affiliation:
School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence 02912, Rhode Island, USA
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Get access

Abstract

In this study, the influence of an externally applied elastic strain on the electrochemical activity of metal film catalysts during the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was examined. A novel three-layer specimen, composed of a 10 nm-thick Pt or Pd surface film on a 20 nm-thick Pd70Zr30 metallic glass film that was first deposited on a polymer substrate was used. The intermediate metallic glass layer is instrumental in allowing the top-layer catalytic film to be elastically deformed to a large elastic strain, (up to 2%), enabling a strain effect to be clearly observed. The results consistently show that an applied compressive strain improves the ORR catalytic activity of the Pd and Pt surface layer, while a tensile strain degrades it. These experimental findings are consistent with the prediction of the d-band model, and provide an opportunity to improve the catalytic response during ORR.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Edward M. Sabolsky

References

Nørskov, J.K., Bligaard, T., Rossmeisl, J., and Christensen, C.H.: Towards the computational design of solid catalysts. Nat. Chem. 1, 37 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stamenkovic, V., Mun, B.S., Mayrhofer, K.J., Ross, P.N., Markovic, N.M., Rossmeisl, J., Greeley, J., and Nørskov, J.K.: Changing the activity of electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction by tuning the surface electronic structure. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 45, 2897 (2006).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Strasser, P., Koh, S., Anniyev, T., Greeley, J., More, K., Yu, C.F., Liu, Z.C., Kaya, S., Nordlund, D., Ogasawara, H., Toney, M.F., and Nilsson, A.: Lattice-strain control of the activity in dealloyed core–shell fuel cell catalysts. Nat. Chem. 2, 454 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stamenkovic, V., Fowler, B., Mun, B.S., Wang, G.F., Ross, P.N., Lucas, C.A., and Markovic, N.M.: Improved oxygen reduction activity on Pt3Ni(111) via increased surface site availability. Science 315, 493 (2007).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stephens, I.E.L., Bondarenko, A.S., Gronbjerg, U., Rossmeisl, J., and Chorkendorff, I.: Understanding the electrocatalysis of oxygen reduction on platinum and its alloys. Energy Environ. Sci. 5, 6744 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kibler, L.A., El-Aziz, A.M., Hoyer, R.R., and Kolb, D.M.: Tuning reaction rates by lateral strain in a palladium monolayer. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 44, 2080 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mani, P., Srivastava, R., and Strasser, P.J.: Dealloyed Pt–Cu core–shell nanoparticle electrocatalysts for use in PEM fuel cell cathodes. J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 2770 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gan, L., Heggen, M., Rudi, S., and Strasser, P.J.: Core–shell compositional fine structures of dealloyed Pt x Ni1−x nanoparticles and their impact on oxygen reduction catalysis. Nano Lett. 12, 5423 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, J.H., Chen, X.J., Yang, X.F., and Ying, J.Y.: Stabilization and compressive strain effect of AuCu core on Pt shell for oxygen reduction reaction. Energy Environ. Sci. 5, 8976 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, X., Li, D., Ding, Y., Zhu, W., Guo, S., Wang, Z.L., and Sun, S.: Core/shell Au/CuPt nanoparticles and their dual electrocatalysis for both reduction and oxidation reactions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 5745 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, R., Leisch, J., Strasser, P., and Toney, M.F.: Structure of dealloyed PtCu3 thin films and catalytic activity for oxygen reduction. Chem. Mater. 22, 4712 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, H., He, P., Li, Z., and Li, J.: High surface area nanoporous platinum: Facile fabrication and electrocatalytic activity. Nanotechnology 17, 2167 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hammer, B. and Nørskov, J.K.: Theoretical surface science and catalysis—Calculations and concepts. Adv. Catal. 45, 71 (2000).Google Scholar
Greeley, J., Nørskov, J.K., and Mavrikakis, M.: Electronic structure and catalysis on metal surfaces. Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 53, 319 (2002).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Maark, T.A. and Peterson, A.A.: Understanding strain and ligand effects in hydrogen evolution over Pd(111) surfaces. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 4275 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Y., Maark, T.A., Peterson, A.A., and Kumar, S.: Elastic strain effects on catalysis of a PdCuSi metallic glass thin film. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 1746 (2015).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Du, M., Cui, L., Cao, Y., and Bard, A.J.: Mechanoelectrochemical catalysis of the effect of elastic strain on a platinum nanofilm for the ORR exerted by a shape memory alloy substrate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 7397 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stephens, I.E.L., Bondarenko, A.S., Perez-Alonso, F.J., Calle-Vallejo, F., Bech, L., Johansson, T.P., Jepsen, A.K., Frydendal, R., Knudsen, B.P., Rossmeisl, J., and Chorkendorff, I.: Tuning the activity of Pt(111) for oxygen electroreduction by subsurface alloying. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 5485 (2011).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wang, H., Xu, S., Tsai, C., Li, Y., Liu, C., Zhao, J., Liu, Y., Yuan, H., Abild-Pedersen, F., Prinz, F.B., Nørskov, J.K., and Cui, Y.: Direct and continuous strain control of catalysts with tunable battery electrode materials. Science 354, 1031 (2016).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Deng, Q., Smetanin, M., and Weismuller, J.: Mechanical modulation of reaction rates in electrocatalysis. J. Catal. 309, 351 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Z., Yang, Y., Kumar, S., and Lu, G.: First-principles prediction of oxygen reduction activity on Pd–Cu–Si metallic glasses. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 28609 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soinila, E., Sharma, P., Heino, M., Pischow, K., Inoue, A., and Hanninen, H.J.: Bulk metallic glass coating of polymer substrates. J. phys.: Conf. Ser. 144, 012051 (2009).Google Scholar
Kai, Y., Maark, T.A., Khorshidi, A., Sethuraman, V.A., Peterson, A.A., and Guduru, P.R.: The influence of elastic strain on catalytic activity in the hydrogen evolution reaction. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 55, 6175 (2016).Google Scholar
Hammer, B. and Nørskov, J.K.: Why gold is the noblest of all the metals. Nature 376, 238 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nilsson, A., Pettersson, L.G.M., Hammer, B., Bligaard, T., Christensen, C.H., and Nørskov, J.K.: The electronic structure effect in heterogeneous catalysis. Catal. Lett. 100, 111 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, S., Zhang, X., Jiang, G., Zhu, H., Guo, S., Su, D., Lu, G., and Sun, S.: Tuning nanoparticle structure and surface strain for catalysis optimization. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 7734 (2014).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Elastic strain effects on the catalytic response of Pt and Pd thin films deposited on Pd–Zr metallic glass
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Elastic strain effects on the catalytic response of Pt and Pd thin films deposited on Pd–Zr metallic glass
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Elastic strain effects on the catalytic response of Pt and Pd thin films deposited on Pd–Zr metallic glass
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *