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Effect of Nb content on thermal stability, mechanical and corrosion behaviors of hypoeutectic CoCrFeNiNbχ high-entropy alloys

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 May 2018

Mengdi Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Lijun Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Peter K. Liaw
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
Gong Li*
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China; and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
Riping Liu
State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:,
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A hypoeutectic CoCrFeNiNbχ system was synthesized to investigate the effect of Nb content on the thermal stability, mechanical properties, and corrosion behaviors. The hypoeutectic CoCrFeNiNbχ alloy, which contained the Laves phase, possessed two-phase eutectic structures. The elevated temperature may have an impact on the stability of the Laves phase. Nanoindentation measurements showed that the Laves phase is much harder than the FCC phase, which could be confirmed by the shallower maximum penetration depth in the typical Ph curve. Furthermore, the plasticity of the Laves phase was characterized by nanoindentation measurements. Compared with the FCC phase, the activation energy of dislocation nucleation in the Laves phase is much higher due to the large atomic size difference and the phase difference. Corrosion and passivation behaviors of CoCrFeNiNbχ were investigated in 3.5% NaCl solution. All the alloys exhibited spontaneous passivity and low current densities in 3.5% NaCl solution. Furthermore, the corrosion potential increased with the increasing Nb content, which indicated that the corrosion resistance enhanced with a higher Nb content.

Copyright © Materials Research Society 2018 

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