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Effect of electropulsing-ultrasonic surface treatment on the surface properties and the corrosion behavior of 45 steel

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 May 2016

Bing Zhang
Affiliation:
Advanced Materials Institute, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, People's Republic of China
Haibo Wang
Affiliation:
Advanced Materials Institute, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, People's Republic of China; and Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China
Shuo Zhang
Affiliation:
Advanced Materials Institute, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, People's Republic of China
Guolin Song
Affiliation:
Advanced Materials Institute, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, People's Republic of China
Song-Zhu Kure-Chu
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, Iwate 020-8551, Japan
Xinglong Wang
Affiliation:
Shenzhen Pingjin Corporation, Shenzhen 518100, People's Republic of China
Jie Kuang
Affiliation:
Advanced Materials Institute, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, People's Republic of China; and Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China
Guoyi Tang*
Affiliation:
Advanced Materials Institute, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, People's Republic of China; and Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China
*
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: tanggy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
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Abstract

In the present study, the surface properties and the corrosion behavior of a nanocrystalline surface layer fabricated on 45 steel by electropulsing-ultrasonic surface treatment (EUST) were investigated. EUST offered the specimen a smooth (R a < 0.33 µm) surface layer with nanoscale grains and compressive stress by the synergistic effect of high-energy electropulsing processing and ultrasonic impact. Open-circuit potential, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies indicated that EUST-induced surface nanocrystallization decreased the corrosion susceptibility of 45 steel in 3.5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution, leading to a decrease in corrosion current density (i corr) by 55% and an increase in charge transfer resistance (R ct) by 36%. The enhancement in surface comprehensive mechanical properties and corrosion resistance can be explained in terms of the decrease in surface roughness, the extent of grain refinement and the change of stress state, which were closely related to the introduction of high-energy electropulsing processing.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2016 

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Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Jürgen Eckert

References

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