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A catalytic depolymerization of ultrahard fullerite

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 May 2015

Mikhail Popov*
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation; National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow 119049, Russian Federation; and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology State University, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russian Federation
Mikhail Alekseev
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation; and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology State University, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russian Federation
Alexey Kirichenko
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation
Boris Kulnitskiy
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation; and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology State University, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russian Federation
Igor Perezhogin
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation; and Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation
Elizaveta Tyukalova
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation; and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology State University, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russian Federation
Vladimir Blank
Affiliation:
Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Troitsk, Moscow 142190, Russian Federation; National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow 119049, Russian Federation; and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology State University, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russian Federation
*
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: mikhail.popov@tisnum.ru
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Abstract

A catalytic depolymerization (a reversible polymerization) of 3D-polymerized C60 phases (including an ultrahard fullerite phase) takes place in the presence of sulfur under the conditions of a large plastic deformation at room temperature. The sulfur atoms remain in the samples of 3D C60 polymers after catalytic synthesis using carbon disulfide (CS2) as a catalyst (the presence of sulfur has a considerable impact on the 3D C60 polymerization by decreasing the polymerization pressure). Raman, infrared, and transmission electron microscope studies show that the depolymerized fullerite samples have a structure typical for dimers, 1D and 2D C60 polymers. The 3D C60 samples with some remaining sulfur can be quenched under ambient conditions if the samples have not undergone a large plastic deformation. There is no depolymerization for pure C60 3D-polymerized phases synthesized without a sulfur-based catalyst.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

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Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Mauricio Terrones

References

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