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Drag model from interface-resolved simulations of particle sedimentation in a periodic domain and vertical turbulent channel flows

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 June 2022

Yan Xia
State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China
Zhaosheng Yu*
State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China
Dingyi Pan
State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China
Zhaowu Lin
State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China
Yu Guo
State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China
Email address for correspondence:


A drag correlation is established for laminar particle-laden flows, based on data from the interfaced-resolved direct numerical simulations (IR-DNS) of particle sedimentation in a periodic domain at density ratio ranging from 2 to 1000, particle concentration ranging from 0.59 % to 14.16 %, and particle Reynolds number below 132. Our drag decreases slightly with increasing density ratio when the other parameters are fixed. The drag correlation is then corrected to account for the turbulence effect by introducing the relative turbulent kinetic energy, from the IR-DNS data of the upward turbulent channel flows laden with the particles larger than the Kolmogorov length scale at relatively low particle volume fractions. A drift velocity model is developed to obtain the effective slip velocity from the interphase mean velocity difference for the vertical turbulent channel flow by considering the effects of particle inertia, particle concentration distribution and large-scale streamwise vortices.

JFM Papers
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

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