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Direct numerical simulation of inertio-elastic turbulent Taylor–Couette flow

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 September 2021

Jiaxing Song
Affiliation:
Department of Modern Mechanics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Fenghui Lin
Affiliation:
Department of Modern Mechanics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Nansheng Liu*
Affiliation:
Department of Modern Mechanics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Xi-Yun Lu
Affiliation:
Department of Modern Mechanics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Bamin Khomami*
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
*
Email addresses for correspondence: lns@ustc.edu.cn, bkhomami@utk.edu
Email addresses for correspondence: lns@ustc.edu.cn, bkhomami@utk.edu

Abstract

The flow physics of inertio-elastic turbulent Taylor–Couette flow for a radius ratio of $0.5$ in the Reynolds number ($Re$) range of $500$ to $8000$ is investigated via direct numerical simulation. It is shown that as $Re$ is increased the turbulence dynamics can be subdivided into two distinct regimes: (i) a low $Re \leqslant 1000$ regime where the flow physics is essentially dominated by nonlinear elastic forces and the main contribution to transport and mixing of momentum, stress and energy comes from large-scale flow structures in the bulk region and (ii) a high $Re \geqslant 5000$ regime where inertial forces govern the flow physics and the flow dynamics is mainly governed by small-scale flow structures in the near-wall region. Flow–microstructure coupling analysis reveals that the elastic Görtler instability in the near-wall region is triggered via significant polymer extension and commensurately high hoop stresses. This instability gives rise to small-scale elastic vortical structures identified as elastic Görtler vortices which are present at all $Re$ considered. In fact, these vortices develop herringbone streaks near the inner wall that have a longer average life span than their Newtonian counterparts due to their elastic origin. Examination of the budgets of mean streamwise enstrophy, mean kinetic energy, turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds shear stress demonstrates that increasing fluid inertia hinders the generation of elastic stresses, leading to a monotonic reduction of the elastic-related effects on the flow physics.

Type
JFM Papers
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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References

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