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The Merovingian Kingdoms and the Monothelete Controversy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 January 2020

SIHONG LIN
Affiliation:
University CollegeDublin
Corresponding
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Abstract

The Monothelete controversy, a Christological dispute that seemingly consumed the Eastern Roman Empire in the seventh century, also left its mark in Latin texts composed in Merovingian Gaul. By integrating the western evidence and recent revisions to the controversy's history, this study presents a new overview of how Frankish observers viewed the eastern ‘heresy’ and papal efforts to condemn the doctrine in 649. Though negative on the surface, western attitudes towards this Christological debate in the 650s are much more mixed and new evidence can be adduced for the continuation of positive exchanges between the empire and the Franks.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2020

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Footnotes

I would like to thank Paul Fouracre, Chris Wickham and Laury Sarti for their helpful comments, as well as Katy Cubitt for sending me her work prior to publication.

References

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5 Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 223‒31, 249‒58, 284‒93.

6 Ibid. 128–60; Booth, Crisis of empire, 240–1.

Ibid

7 Booth, Crisis of empire, 259–300.

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21 CG, 148–9.

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27 Acts of the Lateran synod, 157‒63, 207‒11; Martin, Letter to Amandus, 423‒4.

28 Acts of the Lateran synod, 208‒9; Booth, Crisis of empire, 291.

29 CG, 303.

30 PL lxxxvii.127, 141, 178, 191.

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32 Dispute at Bizya, 221–5, 629–45, CCSG xxxix.

33 Martin, Letter to Amandus, 423‒4.

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36 VE i.33. The suggestion in Borias (‘Saint Wandrille’, 61) that Wandregisel of Fontanelle was delegated to take Eligius’ place by the council remains entirely speculative, as noted also by Mériaux, ‘One-way ticket to Francia’, 146.

37 Borias, ‘Saint Wandrille’, 61.

38 CG, 308‒9.

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42 Theodore Spudaeus, Narrations, 7, 29.

43 Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 294; Booth, Crisis of empire, 320; Moorhead, Popes and the Church of Rome, 196.

44 LP lxxvii.2; Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 305.

45 Anton, Studien zu den Klosterprivilegien, 22.

46 Cf. C. Cubitt, ‘The impact of the Lateran council of 649 in Francia: the martyrdom of Pope Martin and the Life of St Eligius’, in S. DeGregorio and P. J. E. Kershaw (eds), Cities, saints, and scholars in early medieval Europe: essays in honour of Alan Thacker, Turnhout forthcoming.

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51 VE i.35.

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62 Life of Amandus, 6‒7, 10.

63 LP lxxvi.4.

64 Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 243; Booth, Crisis of empire, 300 n. 101.

65 Duchesne, Liber pontificalis, i.339 n. 6; Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 243 n. 300.

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69 LP lxxvi.6‒7; Theodore Spudaeus, Narrations, 16‒17.

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81 Anastasius the Monk, Letter to the monks of Cagliari, 10–12, ed. P. Allen and B. Neil, CCSG xxxix; Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 331–5.

82 R. Whelan, Being Christian in Vandal Africa: the politics of orthodoxy in the post-imperial West, Oakland, Ca 2018, 217.

83 Maximus the Confessor, Letter to Anastasius the Monk, 4–5; Acts of the Third Council of Constantinople, ed. R. Riedinger, ACO ii/2, Berlin 1990–2, 610; Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 328–31; Booth, Crisis of empire, 320–2.

84 Jankowiak, ‘Essai d'histoire’, 334.

85 Stüber, ‘The Fifth Council of Orléans’, 99–101; S. Esders, ‘“Avenger of all perjury” in Constantinople, Ravenna and Metz: St Polyeuctus, Sigibert i, and the division of Charibert's kingdom in 568’, in Fischer and Wood, Western perspectives, 31–2.

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