Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-vcb8f Total loading time: 0.414 Render date: 2022-09-29T20:43:28.107Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

“Bite, Bite against the Iron Cage”: The Ambivalent Dreamscape of Zoos in Colonial Seoul and Taipei

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 December 2019

Joseph Seeley
Affiliation:
Joseph Seeley (jas5fz@virginia.edu) is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Virginia. Aaron Skabelund (aaron_skabelund@byu.edu) is Associate Professor of History at Brigham Young University.
Aaron Skabelund
Affiliation:
Joseph Seeley (jas5fz@virginia.edu) is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Virginia. Aaron Skabelund (aaron_skabelund@byu.edu) is Associate Professor of History at Brigham Young University.

Abstract

This article examines the zoological gardens established by Japanese imperialists in colonial Seoul (1908) and Taipei (1914). Drawing on multilingual sources, it argues that zoos explicitly exposed the unequal interethnic and interspecies hierarchies that undergirded the colonial project. The colonial zoo was an ambivalent “dreamscape”: a carefully constructed landscape of iron cages and manicured pathways wherein colonizers’ dreams of ordering the natural world and colonized populations existed in uneasy tension with the actual experiences of zoo visitors and encaged zoo animals. Intellectuals sometimes criticized zoo excesses or identified the bondage of caged animals with the colonized experience. Yet these zoos also enjoyed immense popularity as Japanese, Korean, and Taiwanese visitors alike participated in the physical and discursive subjugation of zoo animals. Sensitivity to these contradictions, this essay contends, is essential for understanding both the broader significance of these institutions and their contested legacies today.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Association for Asian Studies, Inc. 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

List of References

Anderson, Virginia DeJohn. 2004. Creatures of Empire: How Domestic Animals Transformed Early America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158601.001.0001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baratay, Eric, and Hardouin-Fugier, Elisabeth. 2004. Zoo: A History of Zoological Gardens in the West. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Barclay, Paul D. 2018. Outcasts of Empire: Japan's Rule on Taiwan's “Savage Border,” 1874–1945. Oakland: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Bender, Daniel E. 2016. The Animal Game: Searching for Wildness at the American Zoo. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.10.4159/9780674972759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caprio, Mark E. 2006. “Loyal Patriot? Traitorous Collaborator? The Yun Ch'iho Diaries and the Question of National Loyalty.Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 7(3). doi:10.1353/cch.2007.0003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caprio, Mark E.. 2009. Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea, 1910–1945. Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Chatani, Sayaka. 2018. Nation-Empire: Ideology and Rural Youth Mobilization in Japan and Its Colonies. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.10.7591/9781501730764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Mel Y. 2012. Animacies: Biopolitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Sōtokufu, Chōsen. 1914. Chōsen tōkei nenpyō: Taishō gannen [Korea statistical yearbook: First year of Taishō]. Keijō [Seoul]: Chōsen sōtokufu.Google Scholar
Sōtokufu, Chōsen. 1931. Futsū gakkō kokugo tokuhon [Ordinary school national language textbook]. Vol. 3. Keijō [Seoul]: Chōsen sōtokufu.Google Scholar
Sōtokufu, Chōsen. 1941. Shotō kokugo tokuhon [Primary school national language textbook]. Vol. 5. Keijō [Seoul]: Chōsen sōtokufu.Google Scholar
Cosslett, Tess. 2006. Talking Animals in British Children's Fiction, 1786–1914. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.Google Scholar
Etkin, Elia. 2016. “The Ingathering of (Non-human) Exiles: The Creation of the Tel Aviv Zoological Garden Animal Collection, 1938–1948.Journal of Israeli History: Politics, Society, Culture 35(1):5774.10.1080/13531042.2016.1140904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gillbank, Linden. 1996. “A Paradox of Purposes: Acclimatization Origins of the Melbourne Zoo.” In New Worlds, New Animals: From Menagerie to Zoological Park in the Nineteenth Century, eds. Hoage, R. J. and Deiss, William A., 7385. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Shirōsuke, Gondō. 1926. Ri ōkyū hishi [Secret history of the Yi royal family]. Keijō [Seoul]: Chōsen shinbunsha.Google Scholar
Hiroshi, Hashiya. 2004. Teikoku Nihon to shokuminchi toshi [Imperial Japan and colonial cities]. Tokyo: Yoshikawa kōbunkan.Google Scholar
Henry, Todd A. 2014. Assimilating Seoul: Japanese Rule and the Politics of Public Space in Colonial Korea, 1910–1945. Berkeley: University of California Press.10.1525/california/9780520276550.001.0001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henry, Todd A.. 2016. “Ch'anggyŏng Garden as Neocolonial Space: Spectacles of Anticommunist Militarism and Industrial Development in Early South(ern) Korea.Journal of Korean Studies 21(1):743.10.1353/jks.2016.0012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hwangsŏng sinmun. 1909a. November 3.Google Scholar
Hwangsŏng sinmun. 1909b. November 27.Google Scholar
Kaebyŏk. 1926a. January 1.Google Scholar
Kaebyŏk. 1926b. February 1.Google Scholar
Katz, Paul R. 2005. When Valleys Turned Blood Red: The Ta-pa-ni Incident in Colonial Taiwan. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.10.1515/9780824874636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, Christine. 2004. “The King Is Dead: The Monarchy and National Identity in Modern Korea, 1897–1919.” PhD diss., Harvard University.Google Scholar
Hyŏnsuk, Kim. 2007. “Ch'anggyŏngwŏn pam pŏkkot nori wa yaaeng” [Ch'anggyŏngwŏn night-time cherry blossom viewing and “yoruzakura”]. Han'guk kŭnhyŏndae misulsahak 19:139.Google Scholar
Myŏnghŭi, Kim. 2016. Tongmulwŏn i tŏen gunggwŏl. Seoul: Sangsuri.Google Scholar
Kisling, Vernon N. Jr.,, ed. 2001. Zoo and Aquarium History: Ancient Animal Collections to Zoological Gardens. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press.Google Scholar
Maeil sinbo. 1930. April 25.Google Scholar
Malamud, Randy. 1998. Reading Zoos: Representations of Animals and Captivity. New York: New York University Press.10.1057/9780230376403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McDonald, Kate. 2017. Placing Empire: Travel and the Social Imagination in Imperial Japan. Oakland: University of California Press.10.1525/luminos.34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McNeill, John Robert. 2010. Mosquito Empires: Ecology and War in the Greater Caribbean, 1620–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511811623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, Ian Jared. 2013. The Nature of the Beasts: Empire and Exhibition at the Tokyo Imperial Zoo. Berkeley: University of California Press.10.1525/9780520952102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, W. J. T., ed. 2002. Landscape and Power. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Mittra, D. K. 1996. “Ram Bramha Sanyal and the Establishment of the Calcutta Zoological Gardens.” In New Worlds, New Animals: From Menagerie to Zoological Park in the Nineteenth Century, eds. Hoage, R. J. and Deiss, William A., 8693. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Mullan, Bob, and Marvin, Garry. 1999. Zoo Culture. 2nd ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
Nihon dōbutsuen suizokukan kyōkai. 1962. Nihon dōbutsuen suizokukan kyōkai yōran [Japanese zoo and aquarium association handbook]. Tokyo: Nihon dōbutsuen suizokukan kyōkai.Google Scholar
Ch'angyŏng, O. 1993. Han'guk tongmulwŏn p'alsimnyŏnsa [Eighty-year history of Korea's zoo]. Seoul: Sŏul t'ŭkpyŏlsi.Google Scholar
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. 2002. Kamikaze, Cherry Blossoms, and Nationalisms: The Militarization of Aesthetics in Japanese History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.10.7208/chicago/9780226620688.001.0001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pyŏlgŏngon. 1927. January 1.Google Scholar
Ritvo, Harriet. 1987. Animal Estate: The English and Other Creatures in the Victorian Age. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Robinson, Michael Edson. 1988. Cultural Nationalism in Colonial Korea, 1920–1925. Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Rothfels, Nigel. 2002. Savages and Beasts: The Birth of the Modern Zoo. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Ruoff, Kenneth J. 2010. Imperial Japan at Its Zenith: The Wartime Celebration of the Empire's 2,600th Anniversary. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Samchŏlli. 1936. April 1.Google Scholar
Schmid, Andre. 2000. “Colonialism and the ‘Korea Problem’ in the Historiography of Modern Japan: A Review Article.Journal of Asian Studies 59(4):951–76.10.2307/2659218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seeley, Joseph, and Skabelund, Aaron. 2015. “Tigers—Real and Imagined—In Korea's Physical and Cultural Landscape.Environmental History 20(3):475503.10.1093/envhis/emv079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seoul Press. 1910. March 30.Google Scholar
Serpell, James A. 2005. “People in Disguise: Anthropomorphism and the Human-Pet Relationship.” In Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism, eds. Daston, Lorraine and Mitman, Gregg, 121–36. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Shimokoriyama, Seiichi. 1938. “Tora no hanashi” [A discussion of tigers]. Chōsen gyōsei, January 1.Google Scholar
Shimokoriyama, Seiichi. 1962. “Shokuminchi jidai ni Keijō no Shōkeien dōbutsuenchō wo tsutometa hito no rokuon kiroku” [Transcription of a recording with a person who worked as the Shōkeien zoological garden director]. T230 Ri ōshoku hakubutsukan, Shōkeien sōsetsu kaikodan. Unpublished oral history interview. Tōyō Bunka Kenkyūsho, Gakushūin University.Google Scholar
Shin, Gi-Wook, and Robinson, Michael, eds. 1999. Colonial Modernity in Korea. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center.10.1163/9781684173334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shin Taiwan. 1916. September 1.Google Scholar
Seiji, Shirane. 2014. “Mediated Empire: Colonial Taiwan in Japan's Imperial Expansion in South China and Southeast Asia, 1895–1945.” PhD diss., Princeton University.Google Scholar
Skabelund, Aaron. 2011. Empire of Dogs: Canines, Japan, and the Making of the Modern Imperial World. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.10.7591/cornell/9780801450259.001.0001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skabelund, Aaron. 2013. “Animals and Imperialism: Recent Historiographical Trends.History Compass 11(10):801–7.10.1111/hic3.12093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
T'aejŏng, . 2014. “Taehan Chegukki Ilje ŭi tongmulwŏn sŏllip kwa kŭ sŏnggyŏk” [The Japanese imperialist establishment of a zoo during the Great Han Empire period and its character]. Hanguk kŭnhyŏndaesa yŏngu 68:742.Google Scholar
Specht, Joshua. 2016. “Animal History after Its Triumph: Unexpected Animals, Evolutionary Approaches, and the Animal Lens.History Compass 14(7):326–36.10.1111/hic3.12322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taehan maeil sinbo. 1908. August 8.Google Scholar
T'aejong sillok [Veritable records of King T'aejong]. In Chosŏn wanjo sillok [Veritable records of the Chosŏn dynasty]. 48 vols. Seoul: Kuksa p'yŏngh'an wiwŏnhoe.Google Scholar
Taihoku shiyakusho. 1926. Taihoku-shi annai [Taihoku city introduction]. Taihoku [Taipei]: Shinkōdō shoten.Google Scholar
Taihoku shiyakusho. 1928. Taihoku-shi annai [Taihoku city introduction]. Taihoku [Taipei]: Shinkōdō shoten.Google Scholar
Taihoku shiyakusho. 1936. Taihoku-shi shakai kyōiku gaikyō [General social and education outlook of Taihoku city]. Taihoku [Taipei]: Taihoku shiyakusho.Google Scholar
Taihoku shiyakusho. 1941. Dōbutsuen shashinchō [Zoological garden photograph album]. Taihoku [Taipei]: Taihoku shiyakusho.Google Scholar
Taiwan nichinichi shinbun. 1914. April 13.Google Scholar
Taiwan nichinichi shinbun. 1916a. April 5.Google Scholar
Taiwan nichinichi shinbun. 1916b. April 21.Google Scholar
Taiwan nichinichi shinbun. 1933. July 26.Google Scholar
Taiwan nichinichi shinbun. 1934. April 21.Google Scholar
Taiwan nichinichi shinbun. 1935. January 9.Google Scholar
Taiwan sōtokufu. 1939. Kōgakkō yō kokugo tokuhon [National language textbook for use in common schools]. Vol. 6. Taihoku [Taipei]: Taiwan sōtokufu.Google Scholar
Taylor, Jeremy E. 2004. “Colonial Takao: The Making of a Southern Metropolis.Urban History 31(1):4871.10.1017/S0963926804001786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tierney, Robert Thomas. 2010. Tropics of Savagery: The Culture of Japanese Empire in Comparative Frame. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Tonga ilbo. 1927. April 19.Google Scholar
Tonga ilbo. 1933a. April 1.Google Scholar
Tonga ilbo. 1933b. April 28.Google Scholar
Tonga ilbo. 1934. June 19.Google Scholar
Takeo, Tsuji. 1940. Kōgakkō yō kokugo tokuhon kyōju saimoku narabi ni kyōgaku kenkyū [Details for instructional use of national language textbook for common schools as well as pedagogical research]. Vol. 6. Taihoku [Taipei]: Gōshi kaisha jinbo shoten.Google Scholar
Tsurumi, E. Patricia. 1977. Japanese Colonial Education in Taiwan, 1895–1945. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.10.4159/harvard.9780674434080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tongsŏn, U. 2009. “Ch'anggyŏngwŏn kwa Ueno kongwŏn kŭrigo Myŏngch'i ŭi konggan chibae” [The Ch'anggyŏngwŏn and Ueno parks and Meiji spatial control]. In Kunggwŏl ŭi nunmul, paengnyŏn ŭi ch'inmok: Cheguk ŭi somyŏl 100-nyŏn, uri kunggwŏl ŭn ŏdiro kassŭlkka? [Tears of the palace, silence of a hundred years: One hundred years after the Great Han Empire's demise, where have our palaces gone?], eds. Tongsŏn, U, Sŏngjin, Pak et al. , 202–37. Seoul: Hyohyŏng ch'ulp'an.Google Scholar
Wakaizumi, Haruka and Makoto, Suzuki. 2008. “Fukuba Hayato ga engei, zōenkai ni ataeta eikyō” [Fukuba Hayato's influence on horticulture and landscape architecture]. Randosukēpu kenkyū 71(5):469–74.Google Scholar
Micha, Wu. 2006. “The Nature of Minzoku Taiwan and the Context in Which It Was Published.” In Taiwan under Japanese Colonial Rule, 1895–1945: History, Culture, Memory, eds. Ping-hui, Lieo and Wang, David Der-wei, 358–87. New York: Columbia University Press.10.7312/liao13798-020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shengkai, Xu. 2014. Taibei shili dongwuyuan bainianshi [One-hundred-year history of the Taipei Zoo]. Taipei: Taibei shili dongwuyuan.Google Scholar
Yunping, Yang. 1943. “Shōjō hoka ippen: Dōbutsuen shishō no uchi” [The orangutan and other poems: From among a zoological garden anthology]. Taiwan jihō, June 10.Google Scholar
Shigeru, Yoshida. 1958. Kaisō jūnen [Ten-year memoirs]. Vol. 4. Tokyo: Shinchōsha.Google Scholar
Young, Louise. 2014. “Introduction: Japan's New International History.American Historical Review 119(4):1117–28.10.1093/ahr/119.4.1117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ch'iho, Yun. 1935. Yun Ch'iho ilgi [Yun Ch'iho diary]. Vol. 10. December 15.Google Scholar
Lirong, Zhen. 2014. “Dongwu yangzhi de wenhuashi: Yi jindai Taiwan dajiazu yuanlin yu tianyuan shenghuo wei li de tantao” [A cultural history of animal breeding: An investigation using modern-era Taiwan gentry family gardens and countryside life as case study]. Shi hui 17:2137.Google Scholar
1
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

“Bite, Bite against the Iron Cage”: The Ambivalent Dreamscape of Zoos in Colonial Seoul and Taipei
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

“Bite, Bite against the Iron Cage”: The Ambivalent Dreamscape of Zoos in Colonial Seoul and Taipei
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

“Bite, Bite against the Iron Cage”: The Ambivalent Dreamscape of Zoos in Colonial Seoul and Taipei
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *