Published online by Cambridge University Press: 27 February 2017
' [Reproduced from the text provided by the U.S. Department of Defense. Among the documents discussed in the Appendix are Protocols I and II Additional to the 1949 Geneva Convention, which relate, respectively, to the protection of victims of international armed conflicts and to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts; they entered into force December 7, 1978. Protocol I appears at 16 I.L.M. 1391 (1977), Protocol II appears at 26 I.L.M. 561 (1987). United Nations Security Council Resolution 644 (1990), regarding third-country nationals in Iraq and Kuwait, was adopted August 18, 1990, and is reproduced at 29 I.l.M. 1328 (1990).]
1 The United States is party to the International Convention Against Taking of Hostages of 17 December 1979, under which hostage taking is identified as an act of international terrorism.