Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-w9xp6 Total loading time: 0.198 Render date: 2022-12-04T06:38:40.603Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Biology of the Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and Its Damage to Pigeonpea and Adzuki bean

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2011

H. C. Sharma
Affiliation:
Queensland Department of Primary Industries, P.O. Box 102 Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, P.O. Box 4350
B. A. Franzmann
Affiliation:
Queensland Department of Primary Industries, P.O. Box 102 Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, P.O. Box 4350

Abstract

The biology, insect density-yield loss relationships, genotype reactions, and consumption and utilisation of food by the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) and Adzuki bean (Phaseolus angularis) were studied. Post-embryonic development was completed in 20.2 to 22.6 days. Grain yield in plants infested with 2 and 4 larvae was the same as that in uninfested controls, while plants infested with 8 and 16 larvae suffered between 50–68% grain yield loss in pigeonpea and 61–71% in Adzuki bean. Food consumption by third instars was highest on ICPL 90011. This genotype had the lowest approximate digestibility (AD) and efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI). The significance of these results in relation to economic damage thresholds is discussed.

Résumé

Une étudé a été menée sur la biologie, les relations entre la densité des insectes et la baisse de production, les réactions génotypiques, de même que la consommation et l'utilisation de la nourriture chez le foreur de gousse, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) sur le pois cajan (Cajanus cajan) et le haricot Adzuki (Phaseolus angularis). La durée de développement post-embryonnaire était de 20, 0–22, 6 jours. Il n'y avait pa de différence de production de grains entre les plants infestés de 2 à 4 larves et les témoins. Par contre, l'infestation des plants avec 8 à 16 larves provoquait entre 50 et 60% de chute de production en grains. La consommation de nourriture par les larves du troisième stade était la plus élevée sur ICPL 90011. Ce génotype affichait une digestibilité approximative et une conversion effective de la nourriture ingérée, les plus basses. La portée de ces résultats en relation avec les seuils économiques de dégâts est exposée.

Type
Research Articles
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 2000

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Akinfenwa, S. (1975) Biological study of Maruca testulalis (Geyer) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in the Zaria Area of Northern Nigeria. M.Sc Thesis. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.Google Scholar
Dharmasena, C. M. D., Subasinghe, S. M. C., Lateef, S. S., Menike, S., Saxena, K. B. and Ariyaratne, H. P. (1992) Entomology research, pp. 104108. In Pigeonpea Varietal Adaptation and Production Studies in Sri Lanka. Report of Work, Department of Agriculture, Sri Lanka. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.Google Scholar
Duodu, Y. A. and Davis, D. W. (1974) A comparison of growth, food consumption, and food utilization between unparasitized alfalfa weevil larvae and those parasitized with Bathyplectus curculionis (Thomson). Environ. Entomol. 3, 705710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gopalan, C., Ramasastri, B. V. and Balasubramanian, S. C. (1971) Nutritive Value of Indian Foods. National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. 204 pp.Google Scholar
Hopkins, F. G. (1912) Feeding experiments illustrating the importance of accessory factors in normal diet J. Physiol, London 44, 425460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Okeyo-Owuor, J. B. and Ochieng, R. S. (1981) Studies on the legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis (Geyer)—1.: Life cycle and behavior. Insect Sci. Applic. 1, 263268.Google Scholar
Oghiakhe, S. and Odulaja, A. (1993) A multivariate analysis of growth and development parameters of the legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis on variably resistant cowpea cultivars. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 66, 275282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Patel, R. K. and Singh, D. (1977) Serious incidence of pod-borer Maruca testulalis Gey. on red gram at Varanasi. Sri. Cult. 43 (7), 319.Google Scholar
Ramasubramanian, G. V. and Sundara Babu, P. C. (1988) Effect of host plants on some biological aspects of spotted pod-borer, Maruca testulalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 58, 618620.Google Scholar
Ramasubramanian, G. V. and Sundara Babu, P. C. (1989) Comparative biology of the spotted pod-borer, Maruca teshdalis (Geyer) on three host plants. Legume Research 12 (4), 177178.Google Scholar
Saxena, K. B., Lateef, S. S., Ariyaratne, H. P., Fenseka, H. H. D. and Dharmasena, C. M. D. (1996) Maruca teshdalis damage in determinate and in determinate lines of pigeonpea. Int. Pigeonpea Newskltt. 3, 9193.Google Scholar
Sharma, H. C. and Agarwal, R. A. (1982) Consumption and utilization of bolls of different cotton genotypes by larvae of Earias vitella F. and effect of gossypol and tannins on food utilization. Z. Angew. zool. 68, 1338.Google Scholar
Sharma, H. C. and Norris, D. M. (1991) Comparative feeding preference and food intake and utilization by the cabbage looper (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) on three legume species. Environ. Entomol. 20, 15891594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singh, S. R. and Allen, D. R. (1980) Pests, diseases, resistance, and protection in cowpea, pp. 419433. In Advances in Legume Science (Edited by Summerfield, R. J. and Bunting, A. H.). Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, UK.Google Scholar
Singh, S. R. and Taylor, T. A. (1978) Pests of grain legumes and their control in Nigeria, pp. 99111. In Pests of Grain Legumes: Ecology and Control (Edited by Singh, S. R., van Emden, H. F. and Taylor, T. A.). Academic Press, London, UK.Google Scholar
Soo Hoo, C. F. and Fraenkel, G. (1966) The consumption, digestion, and utilization of food plants by a phytophagous insect, Prodenia eridania (Cramer). J. Insect Physiol. 12, 711730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Usua, E. J. and Singh, S. R. (1979) Behavior of cowpea pod borer, Maruca teshdalis Geyer. Nigerian J. Entomol. 3, 231239.Google Scholar
Vishakantaiah, M. and Jagadeesh Babu, C. S. (1980) Bionomics of the tur webworm, Maruca testulalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 14, 529532.Google Scholar
Waldbauer, G. P. (1962) The growth and reproduction of maxillectomized tobacco hornworms feeding on normally rejected non-solanaceous plants. Ent. Exp. Appl. 5, 147158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waldbauer, G. P. (1964) The consumption, digestion, and utilization of solanaceous and nonsolanaceous plants by larvae of tobacco hornworm, Protoparce sexta (Johan) (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Ent. Exp. Appl. 7, 253269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waldbauer, G. P. (1968) The consumption and utilization of food by insects. Adv. Insect Physiol. 5, 229288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Biology of the Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and Its Damage to Pigeonpea and Adzuki bean
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Biology of the Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and Its Damage to Pigeonpea and Adzuki bean
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Biology of the Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and Its Damage to Pigeonpea and Adzuki bean
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *